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Title: The demographics and diving behaviour of DAN Asia-Pacific members with and without pre-existing medical conditions.
Austin Authors: Lippmann, John;Taylor, David McD ;Stevenson, Christopher;Mitchell, Simon
Affiliation: Divers Alert Network Asia-Pacific, Ashburton, Victoria, Australia
Health and Social Development, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Department of Emergency Medicine, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne..
Department of Anaesthesiology, School of Medicine, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Issue Date: Dec-2016
Publication information: Diving and hyperbaric medicine 2016; 46(4): 200-206
Abstract: This report examines Diver Alert Network Asia-Pacific (DAN AP) members with and without cardiac or respiratory conditions, diabetes or hypertension and compares their demographics, health and diving activities. Two online cross-sectional surveys of DAN AP members were conducted. The first sought information from 833 divers who applied for membership between July 2009 and August 2013 and who had declared the targeted medical conditions. The second, conducted between December 2014 and April 2015, was sent to 9,927 current members with known email addresses. The groups were compared for age, gender, body mass index, fitness, smoking and diving qualifications, history, currency and practices. Of 343 (41%) respondents to the first survey, 267 (32%) provided sufficient information for inclusion. Of 1,786 (18%) respondents to the second survey, 1,437 (15%) had no targeted medical condition and were included in the analysis. Those with medical conditions were on average 4.7 years older (P 〈 0.001); more overweight or obese (68% versus 57%, P = 0.001); took more medications (57% vs. 29%, P 〈 0.001), smoked less (4% vs. 7%, P = 0.02) and did less repetitive diving (median 75 vs 90, P 〈 0.001). Other diving demographics were similar. A substantial number of people are diving with medical conditions and there is a need to better understand the associated risks. Divers need to be well-educated about the potential impact such conditions may have on diving safety and should monitor their health status, especially as they age.
ORCID: 0000-0002-8986-9997
Journal: Diving and hyperbaric medicine
PubMed URL: 27966201
ISSN: 1833-3516
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Cardiovascular
Fitness to dive
Health surveillance
Recreational divers
Scuba divers
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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