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Title: Accuracy of Components of SCAT to Identify Children With Concussion.
Austin Authors: Babl, Franz E;Dionisio, Diana;Davenport, Lucy;Baylis, Amy;Hearps, Stephen J C;Bressan, Silvia;Thompson, Emma J;Anderson, Vicki;Oakley, Ed;Davis, Gavin A 
Affiliation: Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Emergency Department, The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Department of Neurosurgery, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Department of Neurosurgery, Cabrini Hospital, Malvern, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: Aug-2017
Publication information: Pediatrics 2017; 140(2): e20163258
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool version 3 (SCAT3) and its child version (ChildSCAT3) are composite physical and neuropsychological scoring systems used to assess athletes after sport-related concussion. Based on limited validation data, we aimed to evaluate the ability of SCAT3 and ChildSCAT3 to differentiate children aged 5 to 16 years with concussion from controls. METHODS: Prospective observational study of children in the emergency department with concussion (CONC group) and 2 control groups ([1] upper-limb injury [ULI] and [2] Well children) with equal-sized subgroups in 3 age bands of 5 to 8, 9 to 12, and 13 to 16 years. ChildSCAT3 was used for participants aged 5 to 12 years, and SCAT3 was used for participants aged 13 to 16 years. Differences between study groups were analyzed by using analysis of variance models, adjusting for age and sex. RESULTS: We enrolled 264 children (90 CONC, 90 ULI, and 84 Well) in equal-sized age bands. The number and severity of child- and parent-reported symptom scores were significantly higher in the CONC group than either control group (P < .001). Mean double (ChildSCAT3 P < .001) and tandem stance errors (both P ≤ .01) were also significantly higher, and immediate memory was significantly lower for the CONC group (P < .01). No statistically significant group differences were found for orientation and digit backward tasks. There were no significant differences between ULI and Well control groups. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, SCAT3 and ChildSCAT3 can differentiate concussed from nonconcussed patients, particularly in symptom number and severity.
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3258
PubMed URL: 28771406
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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