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Title: DSM-5 Tobacco Use Disorder and Sleep Disturbance: Findings from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC-III)
Austin Authors: Hayley, Amie C ;Stough, Con;Downey, Luke A
Affiliation: Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Centre for Human Psychopharmacology , Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn , Australia
Issue Date: 6-Dec-2017
Date: 2017-08-04
Publication information: Substance use & misuse 2017; 52(14): 1859-1870
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The DSM-5 Tobacco use disorder diagnosis incorporates tobacco misuse, addictive behaviors and withdrawal symptomology. Tobacco use is bidirectionally associated with sleep pathology; however, no epidemiological studies have yet evaluated the associations between DSM-5 Tobacco use disorder and self-reported sleep disturbance. The current study aimed to evaluate health, medical and sleep-related factors among individuals within this diagnostic stratum. METHOD: A total of N = 36,177 adults who participated in the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III) were included for analyses. The adjusted odd ratios (AOR) for individual classifications of DSM-5 Tobacco use disorder among those with subjective sleep disturbances were used as the primary outcome measure and relevant demographic, clinical and medical factors were considered in all univariate and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: Current and lifetime DSM-5 tobacco use disorder diagnoses were associated with poorer health and medical outcomes and higher rates of subjective sleep disturbances (all p < 0.001). Associations between current and lifetime DSM-5 tobacco use disorder and subjective sleep disturbances were maintained in multivariable analyses following adjustment for a range of health, lifestyle, and psychiatric factors (adjusted OR 1.11, 95%CI 1.00-1.23 and adjusted OR = 1.24, 95%CI 1.15-1.34, respectively); however, these relationships were fully explained by diagnoses of DSM-5 alcohol use disorder. CONCLUSIONS: Data from this large, representative survey indicate that the association between DSM-5 Tobacco use disorder and sleep disturbance is explained by underlying diagnoses of DSM-5 alcohol use disorder. Multifaceted substance abuse treatment protocols may improve treatment outcomes for affected patient groups.
DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2017.1316508
Journal: Substance use & misuse
PubMed URL: 28777674
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: DSM-5
sleep disturbance
tobacco use disorder
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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