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Title: Inhibition of group 1 p21-activated kinases suppresses pancreatic stellate cell activation and increases survival of mice with pancreatic cancer
Austin Authors: Yeo, Dannel;Phillips, Phoebe;Baldwin, Graham S;He, Hong ;Nikfarjam, Mehrdad 
Affiliation: Department of Surgery, University of Melbourne, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Pancreatic Cancer Translational Research Group, Lowy Cancer Research Centre, Prince of Wales Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Issue Date: 7-Feb-2017
Date: 2017-02-07
Publication information: International Journal of Cancer 2017; online first: 7 February
Abstract: Pancreatic cancer remains one of the most lethal of all solid tumors. Pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) are primarily responsible for the fibrosis that constitutes the stroma and p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) may have a role in signalling pathways involving PSCs. This study aimed to examine the role of PAK1 in PSCs and in the interaction of PSCs with pancreatic cancer cells. Human PSCs were isolated using the modified outgrowth method. The effect of inhibiting PAK1 with group 1 PAK inhibitor, FRAX597, on cell proliferation and apoptosis in vitro was measured by thymidine incorporation and annexin V assays, respectively. The effect of depleting host PAK1 on the survival of mice with pancreatic Pan02 cell tumors was evaluated using PAK1 knockout (KO) mice. PAK1 was expressed in isolated PSCs. FRAX597 reduced the activation of PSCs, inhibited PSC proliferation, and increased PSC apoptosis at least in partial by inhibiting PAK1 activity. The decreased expression and activity of PAK1 in PAK1 KO mice tumors was associated with an increased mouse survival. These results implicate PAK1 as a regulator of PSC activation, proliferation and apoptosis. Targeting stromal PAK1 could increase therapeutic response and survival of patients with pancreatic cancer.
DOI: 10.1002/ijc.30615
ORCID: 0000-0002-0944-8747
Journal: International Journal of Cancer
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Fibrosis
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
Stroma-tumor interaction
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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