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Title: The use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in diagnosis, prognostication and treatment evaluation in multiple sclerosis
Austin Authors: Simpson, Marion;Macdonell, Richard
Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Austin Health and Faculty of Medicine, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Issue Date: Sep-2015 2015-06-23
Publication information: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders 2015; 4(5): 430-436
Abstract: Despite advances in brain imaging which have revolutionised the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), current imaging techniques have limitations, including poor correlation with clinical disability and prognosis. There is growing evidence that electrophysiological techniques may provide complementary functional information which can aid in diagnosis, prognostication and perhaps even monitoring of treatment response in patients with MS. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is an underutilised technique with potential to assist diagnosis, predict prognosis and provide an objective surrogate marker of clinical progress and treatment response. This review explores the existing body of evidence relating to the use of TMS in patients with MS, outlines the practical aspects and scope of TMS testing and reviews the current evidence relating to the use of TMS in diagnosis, disease classification, prognostication and response to symptomatic and disease-modifying therapies.
DOI: 10.1016/j.msard.2015.06.014.
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Multiple Sclerosis
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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