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Title: Network analysis of an in vitro model of androgen-resistance in prostate cancer
Austin Authors: Detchokul, Sujitra;Elangovan, Aparna;Crampin, Edmund J.;Davis, Melissa J.;Frauman, Albert G 
Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Austin Health, The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC , Australia
Issue Date: 11-Nov-2015 2015-11
Publication information: BMC Cancer 2015; 15:883
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The development of androgen resistance is a major limitation to androgen deprivation treatment in prostate cancer. We have developed an in vitro model of androgen-resistance to characterise molecular changes occurring as androgen resistance evolves over time. Our aim is to understand biological network profiles of transcriptomic changes occurring during the transition to androgen-resistance and to validate these changes between our in vitro model and clinical datasets (paired samples before and after androgen-deprivation therapy of patients with advanced prostate cancer). METHODS: We established an androgen-independent subline from LNCaP cells by prolonged exposure to androgen-deprivation. We examined phenotypic profiles and performed RNA-sequencing. The reads generated were compared to human clinical samples and were analysed using differential expression, pathway analysis and protein-protein interaction networks. RESULTS: After 24 weeks of androgen-deprivation, LNCaP cells had increased proliferative and invasive behaviour compared to parental LNCaP, and its growth was no longer responsive to androgen. We identified key genes and pathways that overlap between our cell line and clinical RNA sequencing datasets and analysed the overlapping protein-protein interaction network that shared the same pattern of behaviour in both datasets. Mechanisms bypassing androgen receptor signalling pathways are significantly enriched. Several steroid hormone receptors are differentially expressed in both datasets. In particular, the progesterone receptor is significantly differentially expressed and is part of the interaction network disrupted in both datasets. Other signalling pathways commonly altered in prostate cancer, MAPK and PI3K-Akt pathways, are significantly enriched in both datasets. CONCLUSIONS: The overlap between the human and cell-line differential expression profiles and protein networks was statistically significant showing that the cell-line model reproduces molecular patterns observed in clinical castrate resistant prostate cancer samples, making this cell line a useful tool in understanding castrate resistant prostate cancer. Pathway analysis revealed similar patterns of enriched pathways from differentially expressed genes of both human clinical and cell line datasets. Our analysis revealed several potential mechanisms and network interactions, including cooperative behaviours of other nuclear receptors, in particular the subfamily of steroid hormone receptors such as PGR and alteration to gene expression in both the MAPK and PI3K-Akt signalling pathways.
DOI: 10.1186/s12885-015-1884-7
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Prostate cancer
Systems biology
Castrate resistant Prostate cancer
steroid hormone receptor
network analysis
protein protein interaction
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