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Title: Regulation of fundic and antral somatostatin secretion by CCK and gastrin.
Austin Authors: Zavros, Y;Fleming, W R;Hardy, Kenneth John;Shulkes, Arthur
Affiliation: Department of Surgery, University of Melbourne, Austin, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Apr-1998
Publication information: The American Journal of Physiology; 274(4 Pt 1): G742-50
Abstract: CCK and gastrin stimulate somatostatin (SOM) secretion and thus modulate their direct effects on the parietal cell. Although SOM is stored in D cells of the fundus and antrum, the nature of the cell type differs, and it is not known whether both regions respond to the stimulatory effects of CCK and gastrin. The objectives of the present study were to determine the separate effects of CCK and gastrin on fundic and antral SOM secretion and to assess the type of receptor involved, using CCK-A (L-364,718) and CCK-B/gastrin (L-365,260) receptor antagonists. Changes in SOM were measured in plasma collected from cannulas draining blood from the fundus (gastric vein) and antrum (gastroepiploic vein) in anesthetized sheep. Both CCK and gastrin significantly stimulated SOM from the fundus and antrum. Sulfated CCK-8 (CCK-8S) increased SOM secretion from the fundus and antrum through interaction with both type A and B receptors. In contrast to CCK-8S, sulfated gastrin-17 (G-17S) stimulated SOM from the fundus via the type B receptor alone, whereas in the antrum G-17S stimulated SOM secretion independent of the A and B receptors. Histamine mediated, at least in part, the SOM-stimulatory effects; an H2-receptor antagonist blocked CCK-stimulated SOM secretion in both the fundus and antrum and reduced gastrin-stimulated SOM secretion in the fundus. The present study demonstrates regionally distinct regulatory mechanisms for gastric SOM secretion by CCK and gastrin.
Gov't Doc #: 9575857
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Anesthesia
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Gastric Fundus.secretion
Molecular Conformation
Pyloric Antrum.secretion
Receptors, Cholecystokinin.antagonists & inhibitors
Sincalide.analogs & derivatives.pharmacology
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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