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Title: Altered cardiac hormone and contractile protein messenger RNA levels following left ventricular myocardial infarction in the rat: an in situ hybridization histochemical study.
Austin Authors: Young, R L;Gundlach, Andrew L;Louis, William J 
Affiliation: University of Melbourne, Department of Medicine, Austin, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Jan-1998
Publication information: Cardiovascular Research; 37(1): 187-201
Abstract: Cardiac remodeling secondary to myocardial infarction is associated with hypertrophy of surviving myocardium and altered cardiac gene expression. The present study examined the spatiotemporal expression of cardiac contractile protein and peptide hormone mRNA following left ventricular myocardial infarction (LVMI) in the rat heart.LVMI was produced in Wistar rats by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery and mRNA levels of cardiac alpha-action (sACT), ventricular myosin light chain-2(MLC-2v), beta-myosin heavy chain (beta-MHC) and pre-proatrial natriuretic peptide (ppANP) were examined at 24 h, 1 and 4 weeks) post-LVMI by in situ hybridization histochemistry with 35S-labeled oligonucleotide probes.Infarct size, determined at 1 week post-LVMI, was 44.5 +/- 2.7% of the combined left ventricular epi- and endocardial surface area. Myocyte fiber width, reflecting cellular hypertrophy, was increased in left ventricular, mid-septal and mid-right ventricular muscle fibers by 11-20% at 1 week post-LVMI (P < 0.05) and by 24-29% at 4 weeks (P < 0.05). At 24 h, 1 and 4 weeks post-LVMI, heart- and lung/body weight ratios were significantly elevated compared to sham-operated rats (1.3-1.8-fold, P < 0.01 and 1.6-2.9-fold, P < 0.005, respectively). PpANP mRNA levels in the left ventricle were increased 3.8- and 3.3-fold at 1 and 4 weeks (P < 0.05), with highest levels in the epicardium, papillary muscle, infundibulum and apex of the chamber. Septal and right ventricular ppANP mRNA levels were highest at 24 h post-LVMI (2.1- and 2.6-fold increase, P < 0.05) and remained elevated at 4 weeks, with maximum levels at the left endocardial surface of the septum and apex of the chambers. Atrial levels of cACT mRNA were increased 1.9-fold at 1 week post-LVMI (P < 0.05) and remained elevated at 4 weeks. Skeletal ACT mRNA, not normally expressed in the adult rat heart, was induced as early as 24 h post-LVMI in both atria, the septum and right ventricle, with discrete hybridization signal detected at the apex of the chambers and in the right ventricular free-wall, and later (1 week) in the left ventricular epicardium. MLC-2v mRNA levels were unaltered post-LVMI, except for a transitory loss of expression at 24 h in the left atria, ventricle and apical septum. In contrast, ventricular beta-MHC mRNA was markedly induced in regions containing increased ppANP mRNA, with a maximal 3.0- and 4.0-fold induction (P < 0.05) seen at 1 and 4 weeks in the left ventricle and a 3.7-fold induction at 4 weeks in the septum and right ventricle (P < 0.05).The regional increases in induced cardiac hormone and contractile protein mRNA in similar subchamber regions of the rat heart post-LVMI implies mutual activation by mechanical and/or neuroendocrine stimuli in the transcriptional response to myocardial overload.
Gov't Doc #: 9539873
Journal: Cardiovascular research
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Actins.genetics
Atrial Natriuretic Factor.genetics
In Situ Hybridization
Myocardial Infarction.metabolism
Myosin Heavy Chains.genetics
Myosin Light Chains.genetics
Protein Precursors.genetics
RNA, Messenger.analysis
Rats, Wistar
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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