Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/13295
Title: Depression, introversion and mortality following stroke.
Austin Authors: Morris, P L;Robinson, R G;Samuels, J
Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, Victoria.
Issue Date: 1-Sep-1993
Publication information: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry; 27(3): 443-9
Abstract: In this study, we examined the influence of clinical depression and personality introversion on 15-month mortality following stroke. Ninety-four stroke inpatients were examined two months post-stroke for clinical depression and pre-stroke personality characteristics of neuroticism and introversion. Fifteen months later, the vital status of 84 of these patients was able to be determined. Seven (8%) of the 84 patients died. Mortality rate increased from non-depressed to minor depressed and to major depressed patients (1/48 [2%], 2/21 [10%] and 3/13 [23%], respectively) (chi 2[trend] = 6.6, df = 1, p = 0.01). Patients who died had higher depression symptom scores (mean +/- SD) than survivors (17.7 +/- 6.0 versus 9.9 +/- 7.1) (p = 0.006). Non-survivors were more introverted (i.e. had lower extroversion scores) than survivors (1.7 +/- 1.4 versus 4.2 +2- 2.1) (p = 0.004). In multivariate analyses, introversion and depression were independently associated with mortality. We conclude that personality introversion and depression are associated with increased mortality following stroke.
Gov't Doc #: 8250788
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/13295
URL: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8250788
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Aged
Cause of Death
Cerebral Infarction.mortality.psychology
Depressive Disorder.mortality.psychology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Introversion (Psychology)
Male
New South Wales.epidemiology
Personality Assessment
Sick Role
Survival Rate
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

Show full item record

Page view(s)

14
checked on Dec 6, 2022

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in AHRO are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.