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Title: Hepatic Kupffer cell function: the efficiency of uptake and intracellular degradation of 14C-labelled mitochondria is reduced in aged rats.
Austin Authors: Martin, G;Sewell, Richard B;Yeomans, Neville D ;Morgan, Denis J;Smallwood, R A
Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Mar-1994
Publication information: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development; 73(3): 157-68
Abstract: Uptake from the circulation and subsequent intracellular degradation of foreign and potentially harmful substances are key functions of hepatic Kupffer cells. While ageing is generally associated with decreased clearance by the reticulo-endothelial system, the effect of ageing on specific Kupffer cell functions is poorly understood. This study measured the ability of Kupffer cells of isolated perfused rat livers from young and old rats to both phagocytose and subsequently degrade exogenous radiolabelled mitochondria. Using electron microscopy and stereological techniques it was determined that there was no change in the volume density of Kupffer cells between 2 and 24 months, implying that the size of the Kupffer cell population increased (along with the total liver size) with age. However, despite this increase size there was no parallel increase in the capacity of the liver to take up or degrade radiolabelled mitochondria, implying that, in aged rats, Kupffer cell uptake and intracellular degradation was less efficient.
Gov't Doc #: 8057687
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Aging.metabolism
Carbon Radioisotopes.diagnostic use
In Vitro Techniques
Inactivation, Metabolic
Kupffer Cells.metabolism.physiology
Mitochondria, Liver.metabolism
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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