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Title: Differences in the binding of quinine and quinidine to plasma proteins.
Austin Authors: Mihaly, G W;Ching, M S;Klejn, M B;Paull, J;Smallwood, R A
Affiliation: Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Austin Hospital, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Dec-1987
Publication information: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology; 24(6): 769-74
Abstract: 1. Little is known about the comparative plasma protein binding of the antimalarial agents quinine (QN) and its isomer quinidine (QD). We have examined the in vitro binding of QN and QD to albumin, alpha 1-acid glycoprotein, normal human plasma, and maternal and foetal umbilical cord plasma. 2. QN was more avidly bound than QD, and binding of both drugs was substantially higher to alpha 1-acid glycoprotein than to albumin, indicating that alpha 1-acid glycoprotein is the more important binding protein. 3. Protein and drug concentration dependent binding was evident for both QN and QD. The unbound fraction of both drugs fell with increasing albumin (10 to 60 g l-1) and alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (0.5 to 2.0 g l-1) concentration, and there was a marked increase in unbound fraction of QN (6 to 19%) and QD (13 to 36%) in human plasma when drug concentrations were increased over the antimalarial therapeutic range (0.5 to 10 mg l-1). 4. In human volunteer plasma, the unbound fractions of QN and QD were 7.5 +/- 2.2% and 12.3 +/- 2.3% respectively, whilst the unbound fractions for both drugs were significantly higher in maternal plasma (QN = 13.0 +/- 5.4%, QD = 18.3 +/- 2.5%) and significantly higher still in foetal umbilical cord plasma (QN = 25.7 +/- 10%, QD = 35 +/- 5.3%).
Gov't Doc #: 3440096
Journal: British journal of clinical pharmacology
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adult
Blood Proteins.metabolism
Fetal Blood.analysis
Protein Binding
Serum Albumin.metabolism
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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