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Title: Highly expressed genes in rapidly proliferating tumor cells as new targets for colorectal cancer treatment
Austin Authors: Bazzocco, Sarah;Andretta, Elena;Rodrigues, Paulo;Garrido, Miriam;Alazzouzi, Hafid;Chionh, Fiona;Carton-Garcia, Fernando;Macaya, Irati;Nieto, Rocio;Sanchez, Alex;Schwartz, Simo;Dopeso, Higinio;Bilic, Josipa;Mariadason, John M ;Arango, Diego
Affiliation: CIBBIM, VHIR.
Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Statistics and Bioinformatics Unit, Vall d'Hebron Institut de Recerca.
Oncogenic Transcription Laboroatory, Olivia Newton-John Cancer Research Institute, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Group of Molecular Oncology, CIBBIM-Nanomedicine, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Issue Date: 5-May-2015
Publication information: Clinical Cancer Research 2015; 21(16): 3695-704
Abstract: The clinical management of colorectal cancer patients has significantly improved due to the identification of novel therapeutic targets such as EGFR and VEGF. Because rapid tumor proliferation is associated with poor patient prognosis, here we characterized the transcriptional signature of rapidly proliferating colorectal cancer cells in an attempt to identify novel candidate therapeutic targets.The doubling time of 52 colorectal cancer cell lines was determined and genome-wide expression profiling of a subset of these lines was assessed by microarray analysis. We then investigated the potential of genes highly expressed in cancer cells with faster growth, as new therapeutic targets.Faster proliferation rates were associated with microsatellite instability and poorly differentiated histology. The expression of 1,290 genes was significantly correlated with the growth rates of colorectal cancer cells. These included genes involved in cell cycle, RNA processing/splicing and protein transport. Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPOX) were shown to have higher expression in in faster growing cell lines and primary tumors. Pharmacological or siRNA-based inhibition of GAPDH or PPOX reduced the growth of colon cancer cells in vitro. Moreover, using a mouse xenograft model, we show that treatment with the specific PPOX inhibitor acifluorfen significantly reduced the growth of 3 of the 7 (42.8%) colon cancer lines investigated.We have characterized at the transcriptomic level the differences between colorectal cancer cells that vary in their growth rates, and identified novel candidate chemotherapeutic targets for the treatment of colorectal cancer.
DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-14-2457
Journal: Clinical Cancer Research
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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