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Title: Long-term clinical response to cardiac resynchronisation therapy under a multidisciplinary model.
Austin Authors: O'Donnell, D ;Lin, T;Swale, M;Rae, P;Flannery, D;Srivastava, Piyush M 
Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2013
Publication information: Internal Medicine Journal; 43(11): 1216-23
Abstract: Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is established in the management of cardiac failure in patients with systolic dysfunction. Clinical response to CRT is not uniform, and response has been difficult to predict.Patient management within a high volume, multidisciplinary service focused on optimal delivery of CRT would improve response rates.Four hundred and thirty-five consecutive patients who underwent CRT under a multidisciplinary heart failure service were enrolled prospectively over a 5-year period. Medically optimised, symptomatic patients with an ejection fraction (EF) <35%, widened QRS or abnormal dyssynchrony index were included. Left ventricular lead position was targeted anatomically to the segment of latest mechanical activation, and electrically to a site with maximal intrinsic intracardiac electrogram separation. Routine device and clinical follow up, as well as CRT optimisations, were performed at baseline and at 3-monthly intervals. Responders were defined as having an absolute reduction in left ventricular end-diastolic diameter >10% and an improvement in EF >5%.With a mean follow up of 53 ± 11 months, response rate to CRT was 81%. Mean EF improved from 26 ± 10% to 37 ± 11%, and mean left ventricular end-diastolic diameter reduced from 68.6 ± 9.2 mm to 57.8 ± 9.3 mm. Predictors of response were sinus rhythm, high dyssynchrony index and intrinsic electrical dyssynchrony >80 ms. Successful LV lead implantation at initial procedure was achieved in 99.1%, and at latest follow up 94.6% of initial LV leads were still active.CRT undertaken with a unit focus on optimal LV lead positioning and device optimisation, along with a multidisciplinary follow-up model, results in an excellent response rate to CRT.
Gov't Doc #: 24015775
DOI: 10.1111/imj.12284
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: cardiac resynchronisation therapy
left ventricular lead position
long-term response
Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy.trends
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Failure.diagnosis.physiopathology.therapy
Middle Aged
Patient Selection
Prospective Studies
Stroke Volume.physiology
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Function, Left.physiology
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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