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Title: Prospective comparison of the clinical impacts of heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-susceptible MRSA.
Austin Authors: Horne, K C;Howden, Benjamin P ;Grabsch, Elizabeth A ;Graham, M;Ward, P B;Xie, S;Mayall, Barrie C;Johnson, Paul D R ;Grayson, M Lindsay 
Affiliation: Infectious Diseases
Issue Date: 8-Jun-2009
Publication information: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 2009; 53(8): 3447-52
Abstract: Although methicillin (meticillin)-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin (RVS-MRSA; including vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus [VISA] and heterogeneous VISA [hVISA]) have been linked with vancomycin treatment failure, it is unclear whether they are more pathogenic than vancomycin-susceptible MRSA (VS-MRSA). We prospectively assessed patients with clinical MRSA isolates during a 10-month period to determine clinical status (infection versus colonization) and therapeutic outcome before correlating these findings with the results of detailed in vitro assessment of vancomycin susceptibility, including population analysis profile (PAP) testing. hVISA and VISA were defined by standard PAP criteria (area-under-the-curve ratio compared to that of the reference hVISA strain Mu3 [>or=0.9]) and routine CLSI criteria (vancomycin MIC, 4 to 8 microg/ml), respectively. Among the 117 patients assessed, 58 had RVS-MRSA isolates (56 hVISA and 2 VISA) and 59 had VS-MRSA isolates; the patient demographics and comorbidities were similar. RVS-MRSA was associated with a lower rate of infection than VS-MRSA (29/58 versus 46/59; P = 0.003), including a lower rate of bacteremia (3/58 versus 20/59, respectively; P < 0.001). The cure rates in RVS-MRSA and VS-MRSA groups were not statistically different (16/26 versus 31/42; P = 0.43), but the post hoc assessment of treatment regimes and study size made detailed conclusions difficult. The results of the macro method Etest correlated well with the PAP results (sensitivity, 98.3%, and specificity, 91.5%), but broth microdilution and our preliminary RVS-MRSA detection method correlated poorly. All isolates were susceptible to linezolid and daptomycin. These data suggest that detailed prospective laboratory identification of RVS-MRSA isolates may be of limited value and that, instead, such in vitro investigation should be reserved for isolates from patients who are failing appropriate anti-MRSA therapy.
DOI: 10.1128/AAC.01365-08
Journal: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adolescent
Aged, 80 and over
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus.drug effects.physiology
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Middle Aged
Staphylococcal Infections.drug therapy.microbiology.physiopathology
Staphylococcus aureus.drug effects.physiology
Treatment Outcome
Vancomycin.therapeutic use
Young Adult
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