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Title: Array-based gene discovery with three unrelated subjects shows SCARB2/LIMP-2 deficiency causes myoclonus epilepsy and glomerulosclerosis.
Austin Authors: Berkovic, Samuel F ;Dibbens, Leanne M;Oshlack, Alicia;Silver, Jeremy D;Katerelos, Marina ;Vears, Danya F;Lüllmann-Rauch, Renate;Blanz, Judith;Zhang, Ke Wei;Stankovich, Jim;Kalnins, Renate M;Dowling, John P;Andermann, Eva;Andermann, Frederick;Faldini, Enrico;D'Hooge, Rudi;Vadlamudi, Lata;Macdonell, Richard A L ;Hodgson, Bree L;Bayly, Marta A;Savige, Judy A;Mulley, John C;Smyth, Gordon K;Power, David Anthony;Saftig, Paul;Bahlo, Melanie
Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Austin Health and Northern Health, Heidelberg, Victoria 3081, Australia
Issue Date: 28-Feb-2008
Publication information: American Journal of Human Genetics 2008; 82(3): 673-84
Abstract: Action myoclonus-renal failure syndrome (AMRF) is an autosomal-recessive disorder with the remarkable combination of focal glomerulosclerosis, frequently with glomerular collapse, and progressive myoclonus epilepsy associated with storage material in the brain. Here, we employed a novel combination of molecular strategies to find the responsible gene and show its effects in an animal model. Utilizing only three unrelated affected individuals and their relatives, we used homozygosity mapping with single-nucleotide polymorphism chips to localize AMRF. We then used microarray-expression analysis to prioritize candidates prior to sequencing. The disorder was mapped to 4q13-21, and microarray-expression analysis identified SCARB2/Limp2, which encodes a lysosomal-membrane protein, as the likely candidate. Mutations in SCARB2/Limp2 were found in all three families used for mapping and subsequently confirmed in two other unrelated AMRF families. The mutations were associated with lack of SCARB2 protein. Reanalysis of an existing Limp2 knockout mouse showed intracellular inclusions in cerebral and cerebellar cortex, and the kidneys showed subtle glomerular changes. This study highlights that recessive genes can be identified with a very small number of subjects. The ancestral lysosomal-membrane protein SCARB2/LIMP-2 is responsible for AMRF. The heterogeneous pathology in the kidney and brain suggests that SCARB2/Limp2 has pleiotropic effects that may be relevant to understanding the pathogenesis of other forms of glomerulosclerosis or collapse and myoclonic epilepsies.
Gov't Doc #: 18308289
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2007.12.019
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Animals
Cerebellar Cortex.pathology
Chromosome Mapping
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4.genetics
Gene Expression
Genes, Recessive
Genetic Linkage
Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins.genetics
Mice, Knockout
Myoclonic Epilepsies, Progressive.genetics.pathology
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
Receptors, Scavenger.genetics
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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