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Title: Handheld mobile telephone use among Melbourne drivers.
Austin Authors: Taylor, David McD ;MacBean, Catherine E;Das, Atandrila;Mohd Rosli, Reizal
Affiliation: Emergency Department, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 15-Oct-2007
Publication information: Medical Journal of Australia; 187(8): 432-4
Abstract: To evaluate change in handheld mobile telephone (mobile) use among motor vehicle drivers between 2002 and 2006.Observational study of motor vehicle drivers at three times (10:00-11:00; 14:00-15:00; 17:00-18:00) on three consecutive Tuesdays in October 2006 at 12 highway sites in metropolitan Melbourne.Rates of handheld mobile use overall and by the sex and age of drivers, highway site (major metropolitan road, central business district, freeway exit ramp) and time of day.In 2002, 315 of 17 023, and in 2006, 331 of 20 207 drivers were observed using handheld mobiles. This represented a non-significant rate decrease from 18.5 to 16.3 users/1000 drivers (rate difference, 2.1 users/1000 drivers; 95% CI,- 0.6 to 4.8; P = 0.07). Unlike 2002, the rate of handheld mobile use among men in 2006 was significantly higher than for women (rate difference, 3.7 mobiles/1000 drivers; 95% CI, 0.1-7.3; P = 0.03). In both 2002 and 2006, mobile use was most common in the central business district. In 2002, there was significantly more mobile use in the evening, while in 2006, the evening rate was significantly lower than the morning rate (rate difference, 4.3; 95% CI, - 0.1 to 8.7; P = 0.03) and slightly lower than the afternoon rate (rate difference, 3.0; 95% CI, - 1.1 to 7.1; P = 0.08). The effect of age remained unchanged between 2002 and 2006, with older drivers using mobiles least (P < 0.001).The number of drivers at risk from handheld mobile phone use remains almost unchanged. However, a slight reduction in the rate of use overall and variations in use among driver subgroups are apparent. Policing and public awareness campaigns need to further address this preventable risk of injury.
Gov't Doc #: 17937638
Journal: Medical Journal of Australia
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adult
Age Distribution
Automobile Driving.psychology
Cell Phones.trends.utilization
Middle Aged
Sex Distribution
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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