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|Title:||Does Emotional Intelligence Mediate the Relation Between Mindfulness and Anxiety and Depression in Adolescents?|
|Authors:||Foster, Brigid;Lomas, Justine;Downey, Luke A;Stough, Con|
|Affiliation:||Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia|
Emotional Intelligence Research Unit, Swinburne University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Centre for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Department of Psychological Science, Swinburne University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
|Citation:||Frontiers in psychology 2018; 9: 2463|
|Abstract:||High anxiety and depression are often observed in the Australian adolescent population, and if left untreated, can have long-term negative consequences impacting educational attainment and a range of important life outcomes. The utilization of mindfulness techniques has been associated with decreased anxiety and depression, but the underlying mechanisms for this is only beginning to be understood. Previous research with adult samples has suggested that the development of emotional intelligence (EI) may be one mechanism by which mindfulness confers its benefits on wellbeing. This study is the first to examine the relation between mindfulness, EI, anxiety, and depression in an adolescent population. It was hypothesized that EI would mediate the relationships between mindfulness and anxiety, as well as mindfulness and depression. The sample consisted of 108 adolescents from a public secondary school, aged between 13 and 15 years (Mage = 13.68, SDage = 0.56, 51 males and 57 females). Participants completed an online self-report questionnaire which measured dispositional mindfulness, EI, anxiety, and depression. The results indicated that one subscale of EI - Emotional Recognition and Expression (ERE) mediated the relation between mindfulness and anxiety, while two subscales of EI - ERE and Emotional Management and Control (EMC) mediated the relation between mindfulness and depression. Future research utilizing a mindfulness intervention should be conducted to examine whether the use of mindfulness increases EI and decreases anxiety and depression in adolescents.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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