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Title: An evaluation and comparison of commercial driver sleepiness detection technology: a rapid review.
Austin Authors: Cori, Jennifer M ;Manousakis, Jessica E;Koppel, Sjaan;Ferguson, Sally A;Sargent, Charli;Howard, Mark E ;Anderson, Clare
Affiliation: Appleton Institute, School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Wayville, South Australia, 5034, Australia
Respiratory and Sleep Medicine
Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health and School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Australia
Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Institute for Breathing and Sleep
Issue Date: 28-Jul-2021
Date: 2021-07-28
Publication information: Physiological Measurement 2021; 42(7)
Abstract: Objective. Sleepiness-related motor vehicle crashes, caused by lack of sleep or driving during night-time hours, often result in serious injury or fatality. Sleepiness detection technology is rapidly emerging as a sleepiness risk mitigation strategy for drivers. Continuous monitoring technologies assess and alert to driver sleepiness in real-time, while fit for duty technologies provide a single assessment of sleepiness state. The aim of this rapid review was to evaluate and compare sleepiness detection technologies in relation to specifications, cost, target consumer group and validity.Approach. We evaluated a range of sleepiness detection technologies suitable for consumer groups ranging from regular drivers in private vehicles through to work-related drivers within large businesses.Main results. Continuous monitoring technologies typically ranged between $100 and $3000 AUD and had ongoing monthly costs for telematics functionality and manager alerts. Fit for duty technologies had either a one-off purchase cost or a monthly subscription cost. Of concern, the majority of commercial continuous monitoring technologies lacked scientific validation. While some technologies had promising findings in terms of their ability to detect and reduce driver sleepiness, further validation work is required. Field studies that evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of technology alerts under conditions that are regularly experienced by drivers are necessary. Additionally, there is a need for longitudinal naturalistic driving studies to determine whether sleepiness detection technologies actually reduce sleepiness-related crashes or near-crashes.Significance. There is an abundance of sleepiness detection technologies on the market, but a majority lacked validation. There is a need for these technologies and their validation to be regulated by a driver safety body. Otherwise, consumers will base their technology choices on cost and features, rather than the ability to save lives.
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6579/abfbb8
ORCID: 0000-0002-2353-377X
Journal: Physiological Measurement
PubMed URL: 34338222
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: continuous monitoring
fit for duty
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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