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Title: Factors influencing medical practitioner participation in population carrier screening for cystic fibrosis.
Austin Authors: Valente, Giulia M ;Amor, David J;Ioannou, Liane J;Archibald, Alison D
Affiliation: Victorian Clinical Genetics Services, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Clinical Genetics
Issue Date: Apr-2021
Date: 2020-11-02
Publication information: The Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 2021; 61(2): 232-238
Abstract: Cystic fibrosis (CF) carrier screening should be offered to people planning a pregnancy or in early pregnancy, according to current recommendations. However, research indicates rates of offering CF carrier screening are low. Health professionals (HPs) play an important role in offering population carrier screening. To determine the opinions, knowledge and practice patterns of HPs with regard to the routine offering of population carrier screening for CF. Five key informant interviews informed the development of an online questionnaire which was distributed to a select group of HPs involved in prenatal care in Victoria, Australia. Of the participants who completed the questionnaire (n = 87), 35.6% reported offering CF carrier screening to all patients attending for preconception or early pregnancy consultations. High referrers of CF carrier screening were more likely to be female, work in the private sector, in metropolitan areas and specialise as an obstetrician. High referrers demonstrated a greater level of knowledge of CF and carrier screening than low referrers (t = -3.779, P < 0.001). Low referrers perceived more barriers to offering carrier screening than high referrers (t = 2.125, P = 0.037). Low referrers were more likely to perceive lack of community awareness and HP knowledge as a barrier to offering CF carrier screening, compared to high referrers, who were more likely to perceive time constraints as a barrier. To promote routine offering of population CF carrier screening, resources are needed to improve knowledge and provide clinical support thereby reducing perceived barriers.
DOI: 10.1111/ajo.13264
ORCID: 0000-0002-1449-2515
Journal: The Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
PubMed URL: 33135161
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: attitudes
cystic fibrosis
genetic carrier screening
health knowledge
practice patterns
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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