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Title: May Measurement Month 2017: an analysis of blood pressure screening results worldwide
Austin Authors: Beaney, Thomas;Schutte, Aletta E;Tomaszewski, Maciej;Ariti, Cono;Burrell, Louise M ;Castillo, Rafael R;Charchar, Fadi J;Damasceno, Albertino;Kruger, Ruan;Lackland, Daniel T;Nilsson, Peter M;Prabhakaran, Dorairaj;Ramirez, Agustin J;Schlaich, Markus P;Wang, Jiguang;Weber, Michael A;Poulter, Neil R
Institutional Author: MMM Investigators
Affiliation: Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Imperial College London, London, UK
South Africa Medical Research Council, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
Division of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Cardiff University, Centre for Medical Education, Heath Park, Cardiff, UK
Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Manila Doctors’ Hospital, Manilla, Philippines
Federation University Australia, Ballarat, VIC, Australia
Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique
North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Lund University, Skane University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
Public Health Foundation of India, Haryana, India
Hospital Universitario Fundación Favaloro, Buenos Aires, Argentina
University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
Rujin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
State University of New York, Downstate Medical Centre, New York, USA
Issue Date: 16-May-2018 2018-05-16
Publication information: The Lancet. Global Health 2018; online first: 16 May
Abstract: Background Increased blood pressure is the biggest contributor to the global burden of disease and mortality. Data suggest that less than half of the population with hypertension is aware of it. May Measurement Month was initiated to raise awareness of the importance of blood pressure and as a pragmatic interim solution to the shortfall in screening programmes. Methods This cross-sectional survey included volunteer adults (≥18 years) who ideally had not had their blood pressures measured in the past year. Each participant had their blood pressure measured three times and received a a questionnaire about demographic, lifestyle, and environmental factors. The primary objective was to raise awareness of blood pressure, measured by number of countries involved, number of people screened, and number of people who have untreated or inadequately treated hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg, or both, or on the basis of receiving antihypertensive medication). Multiple imputation was used to estimate the mean of the second and third blood pressure readings if these were not recorded. Measures of association were analysed using linear mixed models. Findings Data were collected from 1 201 570 individuals in 80 countries. After imputation, of the 1 128 635 individuals for whom a mean of the second and third readings was available, 393 924 (34·9%) individuals had hypertension. 153 905 (17·3%) of 888 616 individuals who were not receiving antihypertensive treatment were hypertensive, and 105 456 (46·3%) of the 227 721 individuals receiving treatment did not have controlled blood pressure. Significant differences in adjusted blood pressures and hypertension prevalence were apparent between regions. Adjusted blood pressure was higher in association with antihypertensive medication, diabetes, cerebrovascular disease, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Blood pressure was higher when measured on the right arm than on the left arm, and blood pressure was highest on Saturdays. Interpretation Inexpensive global screening of blood pressure is achievable using volunteers and convenience sampling. Pending the set-up of systematic surveillance systems worldwide, MMM will be repeated annually to raise awareness of blood pressure. Funding International Society of Hypertension, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Servier Pharmaceutical Co.
DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30259-6
ORCID: 0000-0003-1863-7539
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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