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Title: Outcomes from the first 2 years of the Australian National Hand Hygiene Initiative.
Austin Authors: Grayson, M Lindsay ;Russo, Philip L;Cruickshank, Marilyn;Bear, Jacqui L;Gee, Christine A;Hughes, Clifford F;Johnson, Paul D R ;McCann, Rebecca;McMillan, Alison J;Mitchell, Brett G;Selvey, Christine E;Smith, Robin E;Wilkinson, Irene
Affiliation: Infectious Diseases
Issue Date: 21-Nov-2011
Publication information: Medical Journal of Australia; 195(10): 615-9
Abstract: To report outcomes from the first 2 years of the National Hand Hygiene Initiative (NHHI), a hand hygiene (HH) culture-change program implemented in all Australian hospitals to improve health care workers' HH compliance, increase use of alcohol-based hand rub and reduce the risk of health care-associated infections.The HH program was based on the World Health Organization 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene program, and included standardised educational materials and a regular audit system of HH compliance. The NHHI was implemented in January 2009.HH compliance and Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) incidence rates 2 years after NHHI implementation.In late 2010, the overall national HH compliance rate in 521 hospitals was 68.3% (168,641/246,931 moments), but HH compliance before patient contact was 10%-15% lower than after patient contact. Among sites new to the 5 Moments audit tool, HH compliance improved from 43.6% (6431/14,740) at baseline to 67.8% (106,851/157,708) (P < 0.001). HH compliance was highest among nursing staff (73.6%; 116,851/158,732) and worst among medical staff (52.3%; 17,897/34,224) after 2 years. National incidence rates of methicillin-resistant SAB were stable for the 18 months before the NHHI (July 2007-2008; P = 0.366), but declined after implementation (2009-2010; P = 0.008). Annual national rates of hospital-onset SAB per 10,000 patient-days were 1.004 and 0.995 in 2009 and 2010, respectively, of which about 75% were due to methicillin-susceptible S. aureus.The NHHI was associated with widespread sustained improvements in HH compliance among Australian health care workers. Although specific linking of SAB rate changes to the NHHI was not possible, further declines in national SAB rates are expected.
Journal: Medical Journal of Australia
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Anti-Infective Agents.pharmacology
Bacteremia.epidemiology.prevention & control
Cross Infection.prevention & control
Guideline Adherence
Hand Disinfection.standards
Infection Control.methods.standards
Inservice Training.methods.standards
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus.isolation & purification
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Personnel, Hospital.statistics & numerical data
Staphylococcal Infections.epidemiology.prevention & control
World Health Organization
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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