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Title: Evaluating atypical dementia syndromes using positron emission tomography with carbon 11 labeled Pittsburgh Compound B.
Austin Authors: Ng, Steven Y;Villemagne, Victor L ;Masters, Colin L ;Rowe, Christopher C 
Affiliation: Department of Nuclear Medicine and Centre for Positron Emission Tomography, Austin Health, Melbourne, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2007
Publication information: Archives of Neurology; 64(8): 1140-4
Abstract: A progressive decline in episodic memory affecting activities of daily living is the usual clinical presentation of Alzheimer disease. However, patients presenting with atypical or focal clinical symptoms such as language or visuospatial dysfunction often pose a diagnostic challenge.To explore the presence and topography of beta amyloid (Abeta) as measured by carbon 11-labeled Pittsburgh Compound B ((11)C-PiB) in patients with atypical presentations of dementia.At a tertiary referral center for memory disorders, 15 healthy controls, 10 patients with Alzheimer disease, a patient with primary progressive aphasia (PPA), and a patient with posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) underwent (11)C-PiB positron emission tomographic studies. Retention of (11)C-PiB was compared between different groups using statistical parametric mapping.The topography of cortical (11)C-PiB binding in atypical vs typical Alzheimer disease.Cortical (11)C-PiB binding was higher in the group with Alzheimer disease and in the patients with PPA and PCA than the controls (P < .001). Both patients with atypical dementia had a similar (11)C-PiB binding pattern to Alzheimer disease although (11)C-PiB retention was higher on the left cerebral hemisphere in the patient with PPA (P < .01) and higher in the occipital cortex in the patient with PCA (P < .01).The presence of distinctive focal (11)C-PiB retention patterns was demonstrated in 2 patients with atypical onset of dementia. Pittsburgh Compound B has the potential to facilitate differential diagnosis of dementia and identify patients who could benefit from specific therapeutic strategies aimed at beta amyloid reduction.
DOI: 10.1001/archneur.64.8.1140
Journal: Archives of neurology
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Aged
Alzheimer Disease.metabolism.radionuclide imaging
Amyloid beta-Peptides.metabolism
Aniline Compounds.diagnostic use
Aphasia, Primary Progressive.metabolism.radionuclide imaging
Brain.radionuclide imaging
Carbon Radioisotopes.diagnostic use
Dementia.diagnosis.metabolism.radionuclide imaging
Middle Aged
Parietal Lobe.pathology
Positron-Emission Tomography
Thiazoles.diagnostic use
Tissue Distribution
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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