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Title: The binding of proteinase 3 antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (PR3-ANCA) varies in different ELISAs.
Austin Authors: Trevisin, M;Neeson, P;Savige, Judy A
Affiliation: Immunology Unit, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria 3084, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2004
Publication information: Journal of Clinical Pathology; 57(3): 303-8
Abstract: The demonstration of proteinase 3 specific antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (PR3-ANCA), and the estimation of antibody values are useful in the diagnosis and management of patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). However, external quality assessment programmes suggest that PR3-ANCA binding varies in different assays.To demonstrate variations in PR3-ANCA binding in different commercial and in house enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs).Binding of a PR3-ANCA standard and 19 sera from patients with WG was compared in eight commercial and in house assays. Binding was expressed in different units depending on the kit.One commercial assay performed unsatisfactorily. Three commercial kits produced PR3-ANCA binding (70, 102, and 84 U/ml) close to the expected value for the standard (100 U/ml). Serial dilutions of this standard were linear in only one commercial assay and the in house assay. Sera from patients with WG with borderline binding in the in house assay bound in the eight commercial kits at 0-148 kit units; low binding sera ranged from 0 to 273 units; moderately strong sera bound at 7-260 units; and strongly binding sera bound at 13-336 units. In four assays, at least one strongly positive serum bound at levels greater than the provided range.Levels of antibody binding and units of binding have not been standardised in commercially available PR3-ANCA ELISAs. This may affect the diagnosis and management of patients with WG, in addition to the implementation of international guidelines for treatment.
Gov't Doc #: 14990605
Journal: Journal of clinical pathology
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic.metabolism
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay.methods
Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect.methods
Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis.diagnosis.metabolism
Reagent Kits, Diagnostic.standards
Reproducibility of Results
Serine Endopeptidases.metabolism
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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