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Title: Childhood sexual abuse, parenting and postpartum depression--a 3-year follow-up study.
Austin Authors: Buist, Anne ;Janson, H
Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, West Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2001
Publication information: Child Abuse & Neglect; 25(7): 909-21
Abstract: This study is the second and final phase of a 3-year follow-up study of women who had been admitted with a major depressive episode in the postpartum period, along with their children and partners where present. The effect of a maternal sexual abuse history on the women's well-being and child outcome compared to those women without such a history is highlighted.Forty-five of an original cohort of 56 women were seen with their child where possible, when the child was an average of 36.8 months old. Twenty-two women had no history of sexual abuse, and 23 gave a history of childhood sexual abuse. Women were assessed with respect to well-being, relationships, parenting stress and psychiatric history since recruitment. The child's behavior and cognitive development was also assessed.Women with a history of sexual abuse rated higher depression and anxiety scores (p < .05), and had greater life stresses (p < .05). Their partners rated themselves as more comforting and their children as more disturbed (p < .05). Over time, this group had failed to improve as much as the nonabuse group on these measures. There was no difference in child cognitive scores between groups.A history of sexual abuse in women who become depressed postpartum may have long term implications for the woman's mental health, her relationship with her child, as well as the emotional development of her child. It is critical to offer women in this high-risk group supports in an attempt to minimize these difficulties and any long-term adverse effects.
Gov't Doc #: 11523868
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adult
Child Abuse, Sexual.psychology.statistics & numerical data
Child, Preschool
Depression, Postpartum.complications.epidemiology.therapy
Depressive Disorder, Major.complications.epidemiology.therapy
Follow-Up Studies
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Welfare
Mother-Child Relations
Psychiatric Department, Hospital
Self Efficacy
Stress, Psychological.classification.epidemiology
Treatment Outcome
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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