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Title: Comparative in vivo effects of irbesartan and losartan on angiotensin II receptor binding in the rat kidney following oral administration.
Austin Authors: Fabiani, Mark E;Dinh, Diem T;Nassis, L;Casley, David J;Johnston, Colin I
Affiliation: Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Austin & Repatriation Medical Centre, Heidelberg, Victoria 3084, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2000
Publication information: Clinical Science 2000; 99(4): 331-41
Abstract: We examined the ability of the new non-peptide angiotensin II receptor antagonist irbesartan to inhibit AT(1) receptors in vivo in the rat kidney following oral administration, compared with the prototype drug losartan. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (250-300 g) were gavaged with either irbesartan or losartan at doses of 1, 3, 10, 30 or 100 mg/kg, or with corresponding vehicle. Rats were killed at 0, 1, 2, 8, or 24 h after drug administration, trunk blood was collected and the kidneys were removed. The effects of irbesartan and losartan on angiotensin II receptor binding were determined by quantitative in vitro autoradiography using the specific radioligand (125)I-[Sar(1),Ile(8)]angiotensin II. High levels of angiotensin II receptor binding in the rat kidney were demonstrated in the glomeruli and inner stripe of the outer medulla, which was attributed to AT(1) receptors. At 1 h after dosing, irbesartan (1-100 mg/kg) and losartan (1-30 mg/kg) significantly inhibited AT(1) receptor binding in all anatomical areas of the kidney, in a dose-dependent manner, with a maximal effect at 100 mg/kg and 30 mg/kg respectively. For a 10 mg/kg dose, inhibition of AT(1) receptor binding was maximal around 1-2 h after oral administration of losartan, whereas maximal binding occurred between 2 and 8 h for irbesartan; both drugs produced persistent tissue blockade at 24h. In radioligand binding studies, irbesartan, losartan and EXP3174 (1x10(-10) to 1x10(-5) M) displaced (125)I-[Sar(1),Ile(8)]angiotensin II binding from renal AT(1) receptors in a concentration-dependent manner, with a rank order of potency of irbesartan>EXP3174>losartan. The concentration required to displace 50% of radioligand binding (IC(50)) by irbesartan, EXP3174 and losartan was 1.00+/-0.2 nM, 3.5+/-0.4 nM and 8.9+/-1.1 nM respectively. In conclusion, the findings of the present study suggest that irbesartan and losartan produce effective and sustained inhibition of AT(1) receptors in vivo in the kidney following oral administration. However, irbesartan appears less potent, with respect to dosage, than losartan in vivo, despite having a higher affinity for AT(1) receptors in vitro. The reason for this apparent discrepancy is unclear, but it may reflect the slower onset of action of irbesartan and its rate of tissue accessibility. Inhibition of angiotensin II receptors in target tissues such as the kidney may represent an important action of AT(1) receptor antagonists, which may contribute to the beneficial effects of these agents in the clinical setting.
Gov't Doc #: 10995600
Journal: Clinical Science
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Angiotensin II.blood.drug effects
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
Antihypertensive Agents.pharmacology
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Kidney.drug effects
Losartan.administration & dosage.pharmacology
Radioligand Assay
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Receptors, Angiotensin.drug effects
Time Factors
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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