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Title: Effectiveness of transition programs on new graduate nurses' clinical competence, job satisfaction and perceptions of support: A mixed-methods study.
Austin Authors: Charette, Martin;McKenna, Lisa;McGillion, Anthony;Burke, Shirley
Affiliation: Austin Health
School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
Nursing and Midwifery (Inspiring Innovation), Western Health, St Albans, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 2023
Date: 2022
Publication information: Journal of Clinical Nursing 2023; 32(7-8)
Abstract: To assess the effectiveness of two graduate nurse programs on new graduate nurses' overall competence at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Secondary aims were to assess new nurses' job satisfaction at 12 months and explore their experiences of support. Most clinical settings have implemented transition programs to help new nurses to adapt to their new environments and expand their competences. To this day, very few studies have assessed the effectiveness of these programs. Longitudinal mixed-methods study. The study was conducted at two teaching hospitals in Australia. New nurses were recruited during orientation. Data were collected at baseline (T0; n = 88), 3 (T1; n = 29), 6 (T2; n = 15), 9 (T3; n = 11) and 12 months (T4; n = 9). At each time point, the questionnaire included demographic and the Nurse Competence Scale. At T4, the questionnaire also included the Nurse Satisfaction Scale. Semi-structured interviews were conducted from T1 to T4. This study conforms to the STROBE guidelines. Competence increased significantly at T1, with participants stating that they learned by "getting out" of student mode. At T2, despite no significant difference in competence, participants expressed they were more confident and in control, because they felt supported. Again, at T3, there was no significant increase in competence. Finally, at T4, competence increased significantly, with participants acknowledging that they still had a lot to learn. This study supports that 12-month transition programs are necessary for NGNs to expand their competence. One major factor influencing NGNs during their first year was how well they felt supported and encouraged to seek help when they needed it. There is a need to understand how new NGNs enrolled in transition programs expand their competences. Their professional development depends on a supportive environment where NGNs feel confident in asking questions or for help.
DOI: 10.1111/jocn.16317
Journal: Journal of Clinical Nursing
PubMed URL: 35451137
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: clinical competence
job satisfaction
mixed methods study
new graduate nurses
nurse residency program
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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