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|Title:||The effects of amphetamines alone and in combination with alcohol on functional neurocognition: A systematic review.||Austin Authors:||Narayan, Andrea J;Aitken, Blair;Downey, Luke A;Hayley, Amie C||Affiliation:||Centre for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Australia
Institute for Breathing and Sleep
|Issue Date:||2021||metadata.dc.date:||2021-10-06||Publication information:||Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews 2021; 131: 865-881||Abstract:||Due to their desirable synergistic and/or additive pharmacological effects, amphetamines and alcohol are frequently co-consumed; yet, their combined functional neurocognitive effects remain poorly defined. The PubMed, Scopus, SafetyLit, CINAHL Complete and Medline databases were examined from inception to December 2020. Study selection, data extraction and Cochrane Risk of Bias (RoB2) assessments were conducted according to PRISMA guidelines, and the review was registered on the PROSPERO database (CRD42020189168). A total of 39 full-text articles were included which examined the effects of six amphetamine analogues alone (n = 33) and in combination with alcohol (n = 6) on measures of attention, working memory and reaction time. Amphetamine alone produced limited inverted-U shaped improvement in select behavioural domains, particularly among poor baseline performers. Combined amphetamine and alcohol impaired psychomotor speed and motor control comparable to alcohol alone, and co-consumption with high doses of alcohol (0.0.8 %BAC) protracted behavioural deficits. Co-consumption of amphetamine with high doses of alcohol impairs response discrimination and psychomotor speed, and their combination is not sufficient to overcome alcohol-induced motor impairment.||URI:||https://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/27693||DOI:||10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.10.003||Journal:||Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews||PubMed URL:||34626687||Type:||Journal Article||Subjects:||Alcohol
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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