Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Crying, oral contraceptive use and the menstrual cycle
Austin Authors: Romans, Sarah E;Clarkson, Rose F;Einstein, Gillian;Kreindler, David;Laredo, Sheila;Petrovic, Michele J;Stanley, James
Affiliation: Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand
Department of Psychiatry, Austin Health, University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Canada
Centre for Mobile Computing in Mental Health, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Canada
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Canada
Department of Medicine, Women’s College Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada
Cancer Research, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, Canada
Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand
Issue Date: 15-Jan-2017
Date: 2016-10-14
Publication information: Journal of Affective Disorders 2017; 208: 272-277
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Crying, a complex neurobiological behavior with psychosocial and communication features, has been little studied in relationship to the menstrual cycle. METHODS: In the Mood and Daily Life study (MiDL), a community sample of Canadian women aged 18-43 years, n=76, recorded crying proneness and crying frequency daily for six months along with menstrual cycle phase information. RESULTS: Crying proneness was most likely during the premenstruum, a little less likely during menses and least likely during the mid-cycle phase, with statistically significant differences although the magnitude of these differences were small. By contrast, actual crying did not differ between the three menstrual cycle phases. Oral contraceptive use did not alter the relationship between menstrual cycle phase and either crying variable. A wide range of menstrual cycle phase - crying proneness patterns were seen with visual inspection of the individual women's line graphs. LIMITATIONS: timing of ovulation was not ascertained. Using a three phase menstrual cycle division precluded separate late follicular and early luteal data analysis. The sample size was inadequate for a robust statistical test of actual crying. CONCLUSIONS: reproductive aged women as a group report feeling more like crying premenstrually but may not actually cry more during this menstrual cycle phase. Individual patterns vary substantially. Oral contraceptive use did not affect these relationships. Suggestions for future research are included.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.08.044
Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

Show full item record

Page view(s)

checked on Jul 19, 2024

Google ScholarTM


Items in AHRO are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.