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Title: Changes in intravenous fluid use patterns in Australia and New Zealand: evidence of research translating into practice
Austin Authors: Glassford, Neil J;French, Craig J;Bailey, M;Mârtensson, J;Eastwood, Glenn M ;Bellomo, Rinaldo 
Affiliation: Department of Intensive Care, Austin Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Department of Intensive Care, Western Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 2016
Publication information: Critical Care and Resuscitation 2016; 18(2): 78-88
Abstract: OBJECTIVES:To describe changes in the use of intravenous (IV) fluid by quantity and type in different regions of Australia and New Zealand. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a retrospective ecological study examining regional and temporal trends in IV fluid consumption across Australia and New Zealand over the periods 2012-2013 and 2013- 2014, using national proprietary sales data as a surrogate for consumption, and demographic data from the public domain. RESULTS: More than 13.3 million litres of IV fluid were consumed in Australia and New Zealand in 2012-2013, and more than 13.9 million litres in 2013-2014, with colloid solutions accounting for < 2%. There was marked regional variation in consumption of fluids, by volumes and proportions used, when standardised to overall Australian and New Zealand values. There was no significant change in the overall volume of crystalloid solutions consumed but there was a significant decrease (9%; P = 0.02) in the ratio of unbalanced to balanced crystalloid solutions consumed. Consumption of all forms of colloid solutions decreased, with a 12% reduction overall (P = 0.02), primarily driven by a 67% reduction in the consumption of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions. CONCLUSIONS: The amount and type of IV fluid use, as determined by fluid sales, is highly variable across Australia and New Zealand. However, overall use of balanced crystalloid solutions is increasing and the use of HES has decreased dramatically.
Journal: Critical Care and Resuscitation
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Colloids
Isotonic Solutions
Fluid Therapy
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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