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dc.contributor.authorHosseini, A Ren
dc.contributor.authorKing, P Ren
dc.contributor.authorLouis, William Jen
dc.contributor.authorGundlach, Andrew Len
dc.identifier.citationNaunyn-schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology; 355(1): 131-8en
dc.description.abstract2-(2-Benzofuranyl)-2-imidazoline (2-BFI) has recently been characterised as a selective ligand for the I2-type of imidazoline-receptor binding site(s) (I2-RBS). The present studies determined the relative levels of specific [3H]2-BFI binding to membrane homogenates of brain and kidney from rat, guinea pig and rabbit and identified the pharmacological characteristics of [3H]2-BFI binding sites in rabbit kidney membranes. Rabbit kidney membranes had the highest relative density of specific [3H]2-BFI binding of all tissues studied (2000 fmol/mg protein). Rabbit brain and guinea pig kidney had moderate levels of specific [3H]2-BFI binding (350-500 fmol/mg protein), while rat kidney and guinea pig and rat brain displayed much lower densities of binding (40-65 fmol/mg protein). Studies of [3H]2-BFI binding kinetics in rabbit kidney homogenates revealed binding to two distinct sites with Kd values of 0.10 +/- 0.01 nmol/l and 1.00 +/- 0.36 nmol/l respectively. Equilibrium saturation studies were also consistent with the presence of two binding sites-[3H]2-BFI (0.01-20 nmol/l) bound to sites with affinities of 0.10 +/- 0.01 nmol/l and 0.92 +/- 0.13 nmol/l and binding densities of 470 +/- 80 and 840 +/- 60 fmol/mg protein (n = 3), representing 36 and 64% respectively. Drug inhibition studies revealed that L-adrenaline; alpha 1-adrenoceptor drugs (prazosin, L-phenylephrine) and alpha 2-adrenoceptor drugs (rauwolscine, methoxyidazoxan, 2-(2,4-(O-methoxyphenyl)-piperazin-1-yl)-ethyl-4, 4-dimethyl-1,3-(2H,4H)-isoquinolindione (ARC-239) had extremely low affinities for [3H]2-BFI binding sites (IC50 > or = 10 mumol/l). Putative I1-RBS compounds, p-aminoclonidine, moxonidine, imidazole-4-acetic acid and cimetidine, inhibited [3H]2-BFI binding to rabbit renal membranes with low to very low affinities (Ki values 3 to > or = 100 mumol/l), suggesting [3H]2-BFI does not label I1-RBS in rabbit kidney membranes. I2-RBS compounds-2- (4,5-dihydroimidaz-2-yl)-quinoline (BU224), 2-(4,5-dihydroimidaz-2-yl)-quinoxaline (BU239), idazoxan and cirazoline-potently inhibited [3H]2-BFI binding (Ki values 0.37-1.6 nmol/l), confirming the labelling of I2-RBS. Inhibition of [3H]2-BFI binding by certain compounds was consistent with their interaction with two binding site populations-for example (drug, Ki values) guanabenz, 0.65 nmol/l and 0.17 mumol/l; naphazoline, 0.94 nmol/l and 2.8 mumol/l; amiloride, 76 nmol/l and 26 mumol/l rilmenidine, 150 nmol/l and 50 mumol/l; and clonidine, 230 nmol/l and 70 mumol/l. The high affinity of amiloride for a high proportion (85%) of the binding is consistent with the presence of the I2A-subtype of I-RBS in rabbit kidney. These results demonstrate that [3H]2-BFI is a highly selective and high affinity radioligand for I2-RBS which should be useful for the further characterisation of these sites in mammalian tissues.en
dc.subject.otherBinding Sitesen
dc.subject.otherGuinea Pigsen
dc.subject.otherImidazoline Receptorsen
dc.subject.otherMonoamine Oxidase.metabolismen
dc.subject.otherRadioligand Assayen
dc.subject.otherRats, Inbred WKYen
dc.subject.otherReceptors, Adrenergic, alpha-2.metabolismen
dc.subject.otherReceptors, Drug.metabolismen
dc.title[3H]2-(2-Benzofuranyl)-2-imidazoline, a highly selective radioligand for I2-imidazoline receptor binding sites. Studies in rabbit kidney membranes.en
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.identifier.journaltitleNaunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacologyen
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity of Melbourne, Department of Medicine, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australiaen
dc.type.austinJournal Articleen
item.fulltextNo Fulltext-
item.openairetypeJournal Article-
item.openairecristype Pharmacology and Therapeutics-
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