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Title: Hepatic uptake and excretion of [14C]sodium taurocholate by the isolated perfused fetal sheep liver.
Austin Authors: Ring, J A;Ghabrial, Hany;Ching, M S;Potocnik, S;Shulkes, Arthur;Smallwood, R A;Morgan, Denis J
Affiliation: Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 17-Aug-1994
Publication information: Biochemical Pharmacology; 48(4): 667-74
Abstract: We have developed an in situ isolated perfused fetal sheep liver preparation to study fetal hepatic function free from the confounding influences of the mother and other fetal organs, and we have used the preparation to study the fetal hepatic clearance and biliary excretion of sodium taurocholate (TC). The viability and stability of this model were established by monitoring perfusion pressure, oxygen consumption, perfusate enzymes and electrolytes, the perfusate concentration ratio of lactate to pyruvate, bile flow, and liver histology. Perfusate delivery was 300 mL/min with a mean value of 3.94 mL/min/g liver (range: 2.46-6.72 mL/min/g liver). Gadolinium radiolabeled 15 microns microspheres were used to quantify the ductus venosus shunt through the liver and to determine relative flow rates between right and left hepatic lobes. TC was added to the reservoir either as a [14C]TC tracer bolus dose (2 microCi, N = 5) followed by a constant infusion of unlabeled TC, or as an initial bolus of [14]TC (54 mumol) followed by a [14C]TC constant infusion (30 mumol/hr, specific activity 30 microCi/mmol; N = 3). Perfusate samples were taken from the reservoir every 15 min and bile was collected in 30 min aliquots. Perfusion pressure (7.9 +/ 0.30 mmHg), perfusate potassium and oxygen consumption (0.9 +/- 0.07 mumol/min/g liver) were constant throughout, and the perfusate lactate/pyruvate concentration ratio was low (< 20). Liver histology showed no hypoxic changes. Bile flow fell slightly over the 150 min experiment time from 0.6 to 0.5 muL/min/g liver. These data indicate preparation viability and stability. The extent of the ductus venosus shunt was 16-66% (mean 35 +/- 6%) of umbilical vein flow, which correlated inversely with fetal gestational age (r = 0.94, P < 0.001). Relative flow to right and left lobes of liver was 1:1.4. In bolus dose experiments, TC t1/2 was 81.6 +/- 26 min, clearance (Cl) was 35.0 +/- 22.6 mL/min, shunt corrected extraction (E*) was 0.29 +/- 0.17 and biliary clearance (ClB) was 35.5 +/- 19.5 mL/min. In constant infusion experiments the corresponding results were Cl: 34.7 +/- 18.2, E*: 0.23 +/- 0.16, and ClB 32.7 +/- 17.7. The cumulative biliary excretion of [14C]TC in bolus dose experiments was 86.5 +/- 8.7% of the dose, and in constant infusion experiments, concentration of TC in bile was on average over 800 times that in plasma.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Gov't Doc #: 8080439
Journal: Biochemical pharmacology
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Animals
Gestational Age
Liver.blood supply.embryology.metabolism
Oxygen Consumption
Taurocholic Acid.metabolism
Umbilical Veins
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