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Title: Localization and characterization of renal calcitonin receptors by in vitro autoradiography.
Austin Authors: Sexton, P M;Adam, W R;Moseley, J M;Martin, T J;Mendelsohn, Frederick AO
Affiliation: University Department of Medicine, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Dec-1987
Publication information: Kidney International; 32(6): 862-8
Abstract: Calcitonin receptor binding sites were identified in renal cortex and medulla using the radioligand 125I-salmon calcitonin. Microscopic localization of these receptors revealed binding over medullary and cortical thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle and in distal convoluted tubule. A number of receptor positive cells in the inner medulla were also identified. Characterization of the binding demonstrated a single class of high-affinity binding sites in both the medulla and the cortex with affinity constants of 0.74 +/- 0.09 x 10(9) M-1 and 0.32 +/- 0.05 x 10(9) M-1, respectively, and receptor concentrations of 205 +/- 45 fmol/mg protein and 453 +/- 54 fmol/mg protein, respectively. Competition for 125I-salmon calcitonin binding by a wide range of calcitonin analogs revealed a close correspondence between the reported biological potencies and activities in the current system. The localization of binding sites within the nephron corresponds to the reported localization of calcitonin-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity and suggests that the receptor mediated actions of calcitonin in the kidney utilize cyclic AMP as a second messenger. In addition, the microscopic identification of specific calcitonin receptors helps the delineation of direct actions of this hormone from those which are indirect.
Gov't Doc #: 2828753
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Animals
Iodine Radioisotopes.diagnostic use
Kidney.analysis.radionuclide imaging
Kidney Cortex.analysis.radionuclide imaging
Kidney Medulla.analysis.radionuclide imaging
Kidney Tubules.analysis.radionuclide imaging
Rats, Inbred Strains
Receptors, Calcitonin
Receptors, Cell Surface.analysis
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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