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Title: Polysomnography using abbreviated signal montages: impact on sleep and cortical arousal scoring.
Austin Authors: Ruehland, Warren R ;Churchward, Thomas J ;Schachter, Linda M;Lakey, Tristia;Tarquinio, Natalie;O'Donoghue, Fergal J ;Barnes, Maree ;Rochford, Peter D 
Affiliation: Advanced Pulmonary and Sleep Diagnostics, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Bayside Sleep Analysis, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Sleep Services Australia, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Department of Medicine, Austin Health, The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 26-Nov-2014
Publication information: Sleep Medicine 2014; 16(1): 173-80
Abstract: This study examined the impact of using two abbreviated signal montages on the accuracy, precision and inter-scorer reliability of polysomnography (PSG) sleep and arousal scoring, compared to a standard reference montage, in a cohort of patients investigated for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). One abbreviated montage incorporated two signals dedicated to sleep and arousal scoring, and the other incorporated a single signal.Four scorers from two laboratories each scored 15 PSGS four times in random order: once using each abbreviated montage and twice using the reference montage.Use of the two-signal montage resulted in small changes in the distribution of sleep stages, a reduction in the arousal index and resultant reductions in sleep and arousal scoring agreement. For the one-signal montage, although similar magnitude sleep stage distribution changes were observed, there were larger reductions in the arousal index, and sleep and arousal scoring accuracy. Additionally, using the one-signal montage, there were statistically significant reductions in the precision of summary statistics including total sleep time (TST) and the amount of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep scored, and reductions in the inter-scorer reliability of REM sleep and arousal scoring.These findings demonstrate that abbreviated signal montages may result in underestimation of the arousal index and, depending on the montage, poorer precision in TST and REM sleep scoring, with potential consequences for apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) measures and OSA diagnosis. The results highlight the importance of careful evaluation of PSG results when using portable devices that have restricted signals, and they offer guidance for future PSG and portable monitoring standards.
Gov't Doc #: 25547033
DOI: 10.1016/j.sleep.2014.11.005
ORCID: 0000-0003-1471-9318
Journal: Sleep medicine
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Accuracy
Inter-scorer reliability
Obstructive sleep apnoea
Portable monitoring
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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