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Title: Atrial natriuretic peptide infusion in chronic heart failure in the rat.
Austin Authors: Kohzuki, M;Hodsman, G P;Harrison, R W;Western, P S;Johnston, Colin I
Affiliation: Melbourne University Department of Medicine, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 16-May-1989
Publication information: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology; 13 Suppl 6(): S43-6
Abstract: The natriuretic, diuretic, and hypotensive responses to infused atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were measured in rats 4 weeks after myocardial infarction induced by coronary artery ligation. Rat [1-28]-ANP was infused intravenously in doses of 0.1, 0.3, and 1.0 microgram/kg/min for 30 min each under pentobarbital anesthesia. There was a marked natriuresis, diuresis, and fall in blood pressure in rats with infarction but each response was significantly attenuated when compared with sham-operated controls (ANOVA: p less than 0.01, p less than 0.05, and p less than 0.01, respectively). Urinary cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) excretion in rats with infarction was higher than that of controls but rose to the same absolute level in both groups in response to ANP infusion (0.3 microgram/kg/min). Reduced ANP responsiveness may result from impaired postreceptor mechanisms or from physiological antagonism by angiotensin II. Reduced ANP responsiveness may partly explain impaired salt handling in heart failure.
Gov't Doc #: 2473348
Journal: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Animals
Atrial Natriuretic Factor.administration & dosage.therapeutic use
Blood Pressure.drug effects
Chronic Disease
Coronary Vessels.physiology
Cyclic GMP.urine
Heart Failure.drug therapy.physiopathology
Myocardial Infarction.physiopathology
Rats, Inbred Strains
Urodynamics.drug effects
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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