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Title: Revisiting Mars and Venus: understanding gender differences in critical illness.
Austin Authors: Reade, Michael C;Yende, Sachin;Angus, Derek C
Affiliation: Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Austin Hospital and University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3084, Australia
Issue Date: 8-Aug-2011
Publication information: Critical Care 2011; 15(4): 180
Abstract: Understanding the nature and biological basis of gender-determined differences in risk of and outcome from infection might identify new therapeutic targets, allow more individualised treatment, and facilitate better risk prediction and application of healthcare resources. Gender differences in behaviours, comorbidities, access to healthcare and biology may result in differences in acquiring infection, or in response to infection once acquired. Some studies have reported higher male susceptibility to infection, and higher risk of death with sepsis, but others have found the opposite effect. The explanation for this disagreement is probably that different studies have included patients at different stages on the continuum from infectious agent exposure to death or recovery. Studying sufficient patient numbers to explore this entire continuum while accounting for heterogeneity in type of infection and comorbidity is difficult because of the number of patients required. However, if true gender effects can be identified, examination of their biological or psychosocial causes will be warranted.
Gov't Doc #: 21888682
DOI: 10.1186/cc10319
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Female
Intensive Care Units.trends
Sex Characteristics
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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