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Title: Self-perception and experiential schemata in the addicted brain.
Austin Authors: Cannon, Rex;Lubar, Joel;Baldwin, Debora
Affiliation: Brain Research and Neuropsychology Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, Austin Peay Bldg, Suite 312, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
Issue Date: 4-Oct-2008
Publication information: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback 2008; 33(4): 223-38
Abstract: This study investigated neurophysiological differences between recovering substance abusers (RSA) and controls while electroencephalogram (EEG) was continuously recorded during completion of a new assessment instrument. The participants consisted of 56 total subjects; 28 RSA and 28 non-clinical controls (C). The participants completed the self-perception and experiential schemata assessment (SPESA) and source localization was compared utilizing standardized low-resolution electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA). The data show significant differences between groups during both the assessment condition and baselines. A pattern of alpha activity as estimated by sLORETA was shown in the right amygdala, uncus, hippocampus, BA37, insular cortex and orbitofrontal regions during the SPESA condition. This activity possibly reflects a circuit related to negative perceptions of self formed in specific neural pathways. These pathways may be responsive to the alpha activity induced by many substances by bringing the brain into synchrony if only for a short time. In effect this may represent the euphoria described by substance abusers.
Gov't Doc #: 18836825
DOI: 10.1007/s10484-008-9067-9
Journal: Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adult
Brain Mapping
Cerebral Cortex.physiopathology
Delta Rhythm
Middle Aged
Personality Inventory
Self Concept
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Street Drugs
Substance-Related Disorders.physiopathology.psychology.rehabilitation
Theta Rhythm
Young Adult
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