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Title: Monitoring bone growth using quantitative ultrasound in comparison with DXA and pQCT.
Austin Authors: Wang, Qingju;Nicholson, Patrick H F;Timonen, Jussi;Alen, Markku;Moilanen, Petro;Suominen, Harri;Cheng, Sulin
Affiliation: Endocrine Center of Excellence, Austin Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Issue Date: 26-Dec-2007
Publication information: Journal of Clinical Densitometry : the Official Journal of the International Society For Clinical Densitometry 2007; 11(2): 295-301
Abstract: Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) is a safe, inexpensive, and nonradiation method for bone density assessment. QUS correlates with, and predicts fragility fractures comparable to, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-derived bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. However, its validity in monitoring bone growth in children is not well understood. Two hundred and fifty-eight 10-13 yr pubertal girls and 9 37-43 yr adults without diseases or history of medications known to affect bone metabolism were included in the 2-yr prospective study. Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (cBUA) was assessed using QUS-2 (Quidel, Santa Clara, CA), speed of sound of tibial shaft (tSOS) using Omnisense (Sunlight Technologies, Israel), apparent volumetric BMD (vBMD) of tibial shaft using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT; XCT2000, Stratec), and femoral neck (FN) and lumbar spine 2-4 (LS) areal BMD (aBMD) using DXA (Prodigy, GE). Over the 2 yr in girls, FN and LS aBMD showed the largest increases (17+/-8% and 20+/-8%, respectively), followed by tibial vBMD and cBUA (10+/-5% and 9+/-9%, respectively). There was no apparent change in tSOS (2+/-3%). The increase in FN and LS aBMD attenuated 48% and 40%, respectively, after adjustment of the change in body size. The change of cBUA correlated significantly with change in tibial vBMD and FN and LS aBMD (r=0.24-0.40). At the matched location, tSOS correlated only with cortical vBMD, not with cortical thickness, apparent vBMD, or bone size. The long-term reproducibility, assessed using the concordance correlation coefficient of young adults' pre-post measurements, was substantially lower in tSOS than cBUA, tibial vBMD, FN, and LS aBMD (0.65 vs 0.97, 0.95, 0.98, and 0.96; p<0.05). The transverse transmission method-derived calcaneal BUA, but not the axial transmission method-derived SOS, is comparable to DXA and pQCT for monitoring bone densitometric change in pubertal girls. The role of QUS in fracture-risk prediction in children and adolescents needs further investigation.
Gov't Doc #: 18158265
DOI: 10.1016/j.jocd.2007.10.003
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Absorptiometry, Photon
Bone Density.physiology
Fractures, Bone.radiography.ultrasonography
Prospective Studies
Reproducibility of Results
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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