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Title: Potential for organ donation in Victoria: an audit of hospital deaths.
Austin Authors: Opdam, Helen Ingrid;Silvester, William
Affiliation: Department of Intensive Care, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia, Australia
Issue Date: 4-Sep-2006
Publication information: Medical Journal of Australia; 185(5): 250-4
Abstract: To determine the potential for organ donation in 12 Victorian hospitals.Prospective audit of all deaths in 12 major public hospitals in the state of Victoria between January 2002 and October 2004.Number of organ donors and potential organ donors (patients with brain death or likely to progress to brain death within 24 hours if supportive treatment continued), requests for organ donation and consents. Unrealised potential donors (organ donation not requested) were categorised by an independent panel of intensivists as category A (brain death formally diagnosed); B (brain death not formally diagnosed but criteria likely to be fulfilled); and C (potential to progress to brain death within 24 hours).There were 17,230 deaths, 280 potential organ donors and 220 requests for organ donation. The 60 unrealised potential organ donors were classified as category A (3), B (17) and C (40). Consent rate was 53% to 65%, depending on the definition of potential donor (categories A, B and C or category A only). Consent rate was lower when discussions about organ donation were held by trainees or registrars (21%) than when specialists were present (57%) (P = 0.004). A maximum practically achievable organ donation rate for Victoria was estimated to be 15 to 17 donors per million population (current rate, 9 per million population).The potential for organ donation in Victoria is limited by a small organ donor pool. There is potential to increase the number of organ donors by increasing the consent rate (lower than expected from public surveys), the identification of potential organ donors (particularly those likely to progress to brain death if supportive treatment is continued), and requests for organ donation.
Gov't Doc #: 16948619
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Hospital Mortality
Hospitals, Public.statistics & numerical data
Medical Audit
Prospective Studies
Tissue Donors.statistics & numerical data
Tissue and Organ Procurement.statistics & numerical data
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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