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Title: Psychiatric disorder and separation from military service: a 10-year retrospective study.
Austin Authors: Creamer, Mark;Carboon, Isla;Forbes, Andrew B;McKenzie, Dean P;McFarlane, Alexander C;Kelsall, Helen L;Sim, Malcolm R
Affiliation: Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, Austin Health Repatriation Campus, P.O. Box 5444, Heidelberg, Victoria 3081, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2006
Publication information: The American Journal of Psychiatry; 163(4): 733-4
Abstract: This study investigated the association between the onset of psychiatric morbidity and separation from military service over a 10-year period (1991-2001).The prevalence of affective, anxiety, somatic, and substance use disorders was assessed in 2,215 male Australian Navy personnel with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview.The onset of a psychiatric disorder during military service was related to a 19% greater risk of separation overall. The majority of those leaving military service did so in the first year after symptom onset. Personnel who remained in service past this period had no significantly elevated risk of separation in subsequent years.Psychiatric morbidity represents a significant potential cost to defense forces. Improved recognition and early management of mental health problems among military personnel may improve retention rates.
Gov't Doc #: 16585451
DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.163.4.733
Journal: The American journal of psychiatry
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Australia.epidemiology
Cohort Studies
Disability Evaluation
Gulf War
Longitudinal Studies
Mental Disorders.diagnosis.epidemiology.psychology
Mental Health & distribution.utilization
Military Personnel.legislation & jurisprudence.psychology.statistics & numerical data
Military Psychiatry.legislation & jurisprudence.methods
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Retirement.legislation & jurisprudence
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Substance-Related Disorders.diagnosis.epidemiology.psychology
Veterans.psychology.statistics & numerical data
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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