Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/9531
Title: The genetics of human epilepsy.
Authors: Scheffer, Ingrid E;Berkovic, Samuel F
Affiliation: Department of Medicine (Neurology), The University of Melbourne, Epilepsy Research Institute, Austin & Repatriation Medical Centre, Australia.
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2003
Citation: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences; 24(8): 428-33
Abstract: In recent years genetic discoveries have shown the central role of ion channels in the pathophysiology of idiopathic epilepsies. Uncommon epilepsy syndromes that have monogenic inheritance are associated with mutations in genes that encode subunits of voltage-gated and ligand-gated ion channels. For voltage-gated ion channels, mutations of Na(+), K(+) and Cl(-) channels are associated with forms of generalized epilepsy and infantile seizure syndromes. Ligand-gated ion channels, such as nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and GABA receptor subunits, are associated with specific syndromes of frontal and generalized epilepsies, respectively. Striking features are the variable epilepsy phenotypes that are associated with the known gene mutations and the genetic heterogeneity that underlies all known monogenic syndromes. Mutations in two genes that do not encode ion channels have been identified in the idiopathic human epilepsies. The heterogeneity of mutations described to date has precluded the development of simple diagnostic tests, but advances in the next few years are likely to have an impact on both the clinical diagnosis and the treatment of epilepsies.
Internal ID Number: 12915053
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/9531
DOI: 10.1016/S0165-6147(03)00194-9
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12915053
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Calcium Channels.genetics.physiology
Chloride Channels.genetics.physiology
Epilepsy.genetics.metabolism
Humans
Ligands
Mutation
Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated.genetics.physiology
Receptors, GABA.genetics.physiology
Receptors, Nicotinic.genetics.physiology
Sodium Channels.genetics.physiology
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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