Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/9456
Title: Incidence and outcome of subtypes of ischaemic stroke: initial results from the north East melbourne stroke incidence study (NEMESIS).
Authors: Dewey, Helen M;Sturm, Jonathan W;Donnan, Geoffrey A;Macdonell, Richard A L;McNeil, John J;Thrift, Amanda G
Institutional Author: North East Melbourne Stroke Incidence Study
Affiliation: National Stroke Research Institute and Department of Neurology, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia. helend@austin.unimelb.edu.au
Issue Date: 2003
Citation: Cerebrovascular Diseases (basel, Switzerland); 15(1-2): 133-9
Abstract: Information about the incidence and outcome of stroke subtypes is necessary to understand the likely impact of stroke prevention and treatment strategies. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and outcome of subtypes of cerebral infarction (CI). All strokes occurring in a population of 133816 in Melbourne, Australia, during a 12-month period of 1996 and 1997 were identified and cases of CI subtyped according to the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project classification. 276 'first-ever-in-a-lifetime' stroke cases were registered. CI accounted for 72% of cases. Annual incidence rates per 100000 persons adjusted to the 'world' population were 11 (95% CI, 4-18) for TACI, 25 (95% CI, 15-35) for PACI, 17 (95% CI, 9-25) for POCI and 18 (95% CI, 10-26) for LACI. 28-day case fatality was highest for TACI (35%; 95% CI, 19-51%) and first year recurrence rate highest for PACI (17%; 95% CI, 8-26%). TACI had the poorest functional outcome at 3 and 12 months. These findings are similar to those of two previous studies conducted in the northern hemisphere.
Internal ID Number: 12499723
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/9456
DOI: 67142
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12499723
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Australia.epidemiology
Brain Ischemia.epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Disability Evaluation
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Interviews as Topic
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Prospective Studies
Recurrence
Sex Factors
Stroke.epidemiology
Time Factors
Urban Health
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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