Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/9215
Title: Increased apoptosis in the heart of genetic hypertension, associated with increased fibroblasts.
Authors: Liu, J J;Peng, L;Bradley, C J;Zulli, Anthony;Shen, J;Buxton, Brian F
Affiliation: Cardiovascular Biology Unit, Austin Hospital, University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia. jjliu@austin.unimelb.edu.au
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2000
Citation: Cardiovascular Research; 45(3): 729-35
Abstract: The present studies were undertaken to identify apoptosis in cardiomyocytes of genetic hypertension and to study the relationship among apoptosis, aging and blood pressure, and the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors on apoptosis.Apoptosis in the hearts of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was identified by electron microscopy (EM) and DNA laddering, and quantified from age 3 weeks to 64 weeks in comparison with normotensive rats (WKY). Fibroblasts and protein products of Bcl-2 and Bax were measured by quantitative immunohistochemistry. SHR were treated with ramipril, an ACE inhibitor.The results showed that: (1) ultrastructural characteristics of apoptosis were observed in cardiomyocytes of SHR, with shrinkage of the cell and condensation of the cytoplasm and chromatin. A DNA ladder was shown; (2) a significant increase in apoptosis in SHR began as early as age 4 weeks and reached a plateau at 16 weeks and maintained at high levels up to 64 weeks. Blood pressure (BP) in SHR started to increase significantly at age 5 weeks; (3) fibroblasts were significantly increased in the heart of SHR; (4) the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax was significantly reduced in SHR; and (6) ramipril effectively reduced apoptosis and fibroblasts, and increased the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax.Apoptosis occurs in the cardiomyocytes of genetic hypertension although fibroblasts are increased, and a significant, age-dependent increase in apoptosis is observed. The increase in apoptosis occurs before the difference in blood pressure is detectable. The ACE inhibitor ramipril may be useful for prevention of apoptosis in the heart.
Internal ID Number: 10728395
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/9215
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10728395
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Analysis of Variance
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors.therapeutic use
Animals
Apoptosis.drug effects
DNA Fragmentation
Fibroblasts.pathology
Heart.physiopathology
Hypertension.genetics.pathology.physiopathology
Male
Microscopy, Electron
Proto-Oncogene Proteins.metabolism
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2.metabolism
Ramipril.therapeutic use
Rats
Rats, Inbred WKY
bcl-2-Associated X Protein
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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