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|Title:||The Prevalence of Elevated Lipoprotein(a) in Patients Presenting With Coronary Artery Disease.|
|Authors:||Oo, Hnin P;Giovannucci, Julian;O'Brien, Richard C;Hare, David L|
|Affiliation:||Department of Cardiology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia|
Department of Endocrinology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
|Citation:||Heart, lung & circulation 2020; online first: 1 April|
|Abstract:||Elevated lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) is an inherited lipid disorder and an independent risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) disease. Although its prevalence in the general population has been well-documented, the prevalence of elevated Lp(a) in patients with clinical coronary artery disease (CAD) is less clear. In this study, we hypothesised that there is an over-representation of elevated Lp(a) in patients with early-onset CAD compared to the general population. Between 6 February and 8 June 2018, we screened consecutive patients aged ≤70 years who presented to the Austin Hospital with any of the following criteria: (1) acute coronary syndrome (ACS); (2) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); or (3) coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Whilst examining a range of different Lp(a) levels, a dichotomous elevated Lp(a) was defined as concentrations ≥0.5 g/L. Other CV risk factors were documented including hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) using the Dutch Lipid Clinic Network Criteria (DLCNC), also incorporating family history and clinical examination. One hundred and fifty-eight (158) patients were screened; 63 (39.9%) were under 60 years of age. Overall, elevated Lp(a) ≥0.5 g/L was identified in 57 patients (36.1%). Of these, nine patients (15.8%) also had probable or definite FH. General population data was obtained from the Copenhagen General Population Study which studied 6,000 men and women and showed that the estimated prevalence of Lp(a) ≥0.5 g/L in the general population was 20%. Elevated Lp(a) is more prevalent in patients with relatively early-onset CAD compared to the general population and may contribute to previously unappreciated residual cardiovascular risk. Patients who present with early-onset CAD, should be routinely screened for elevated Lp(a).|
|Subjects:||Coronary artery disease|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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