Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/21823
Title: Global, Regional, and National Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived With Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life-Years for 29 Cancer Groups, 1990 to 2017: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study.
Authors: Fitzmaurice, Christina;Abate, Degu;Abbasi, Naghmeh;Abbastabar, Hedayat;Abd-Allah, Foad;Abdel-Rahman, Omar;Abdelalim, Ahmed;Abdoli, Amir;Abdollahpour, Ibrahim;Abdulle, Abdishakur S M;Abebe, Nebiyu Dereje;Fallah, Vahid;Faramarzi, Mahbobeh;Farhangi, Mahdieh Abbasalizad;Farioli, Andrea;Farzadfar, Farshad;Fentahun, Netsanet;Fernandes, Eduarda;Feyissa, Garumma Tolu;Filip, Irina;Agius, Dominic;Bitew, Helen;Fischer, Florian;Fisher, James L;Force, Lisa M;Foroutan, Masoud;Freitas, Marisa;Fukumoto, Takeshi;Futran, Neal D;Gallus, Silvano;Gankpe, Fortune Gbetoho;Gayesa, Reta Tsegaye;Bjørge, Tone;Agrawal, Sutapa;Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde;Gebremeskel, Gebreamlak Gebremedhn;Gedefaw, Getnet Azeze;Gelaw, Belayneh K;Geta, Birhanu;Getachew, Sefonias;Gezae, Kebede Embaye;Ghafourifard, Mansour;Ghajar, Alireza;Bleyer, Archie;Ghashghaee, Ahmad;Ahmadi, Ayat;Gholamian, Asadollah;Gill, Paramjit Singh;Ginindza, Themba T G;Girmay, Alem;Gizaw, Muluken;Gomez, Ricardo Santiago;Gopalani, Sameer Vali;Gorini, Giuseppe;Bogale, Kassawmar Angaw;Goulart, Bárbara Niegia Garcia;Grada, Ayman;Ahmadian, Elham;Ribeiro Guerra, Maximiliano;Guimaraes, Andre Luiz Sena;Gupta, Prakash C;Gupta, Rahul;Hadkhale, Kishor;Haj-Mirzaian, Arvin;Haj-Mirzaian, Arya;Bojia, Hunduma Amensisa;Hamadeh, Randah R;Hamidi, Samer;Hanfore, Lolemo Kelbiso;Ahmadpour, Ehsan;Haro, Josep Maria;Hasankhani, Milad;Hasanzadeh, Amir;Hassen, Hamid Yimam;Hay, Roderick J;Hay, Simon I;Borzì, Antonio M;Henok, Andualem;Henry, Nathaniel J;Herteliu, Claudiu;Hidru, Hagos D;Ahmed, Muktar Beshir;Hoang, Chi Linh;Hole, Michael K;Hoogar, Praveen;Horita, Nobuyuki;Hosgood, H Dean;Bosetti, Cristina;Hosseini, Mostafa;Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi;Hostiuc, Mihaela;Hostiuc, Sorin;Househ, Mowafa;Akbari, Mohammad Esmaeil;Hussen, Mohammedaman Mama;Ileanu, Bogdan;Ilic, Milena D;Innos, Kaire;Bou-Orm, Ibrahim R;Irvani, Seyed Sina Naghibi;Iseh, Kufre Robert;Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful;Islami, Farhad;Jafari Balalami, Nader;Jafarinia, Morteza;Akinyemiju, Tomi;Jahangiry, Leila;Jahani, Mohammad Ali;Jahanmehr, Nader;Brenner, Hermann;Jakovljevic, Mihajlo;James, Spencer L;Javanbakht, Mehdi;Jayaraman, Sudha;Jee, Sun Ha;Jenabi, Ensiyeh;Jha, Ravi Prakash;Al-Aly, Ziyad;Jonas, Jost B;Jonnagaddala, Jitendra;Brewer, Jerry D;Joo, Tamas;Jungari, Suresh Banayya;Jürisson, Mikk;Kabir, Ali;Kamangar, Farin;Karch, André;Karimi, Narges;Karimian, Ansar;AlAbdulKader, Assim M;Kasaeian, Amir;Abraha, Haftom Niguse;Kasahun, Gebremicheal Gebreslassie;Kassa, Belete;Kassa, Tesfaye Dessale;Kassaw, Mesfin Wudu;Kaul, Anil;Keiyoro, Peter Njenga;Kelbore, Abraham Getachew;Kerbo, Amene Abebe;Khader, Yousef Saleh;Alahdab, Fares;Briko, Andrey Nikolaevich;Khalilarjmandi, Maryam;Khan, Ejaz Ahmad;Khan, Gulfaraz;Khang, Young-Ho;Khatab, Khaled;Khater, Amir;Khayamzadeh, Maryam;Khazaee-Pool, Maryam;Khazaei, Salman;Khoja, Abdullah T;Briko, Nikolay Ivanovich;Alam, Tahiya;Khosravi, Mohammad Hossein;Khubchandani, Jagdish;Kianipour, Neda;Kim, Daniel;Kim, Yun Jin;Kisa, Adnan;Kisa, Sezer;Kissimova-Skarbek, Katarzyna;Komaki, Hamidreza;Bustamante-Teixeira, Maria Teresa;Koyanagi, Ai;Alamene, Genet Melak;Krohn, Kristopher J;Bicer, Burcu Kucuk;Kugbey, Nuworza;Kumar, Vivek;Kuupiel, Desmond;La Vecchia, Carlo;Lad, Deepesh P;Lake, Eyasu Alem;Butt, Zahid A;Lakew, Ayenew Molla;Lal, Dharmesh Kumar;Alemnew, Birhan Tamene T;Lami, Faris Hasan;Lan, Qing;Lasrado, Savita;Lauriola, Paolo;Lazarus, Jeffrey V;Leigh, James;Leshargie, Cheru Tesema;Carreras, Giulia;Liao, Yu;Limenih, Miteku Andualem;Listl, Stefan;Alene, Kefyalew Addis;Lopez, Alan D;Lopukhov, Platon D;Lunevicius, Raimundas;Madadin, Mohammed;Magdeldin, Sameh;El Razek, Hassan Magdy Abd;Carrero, Juan J;Majeed, Azeem;Maleki, Afshin;Malekzadeh, Reza;Manafi, Ali;Alinia, Cyrus;Manafi, Navid;Manamo, Wondimu Ayele;Mansourian, Morteza;Mansournia, Mohammad Ali;Mantovani, Lorenzo Giovanni;Carvalho, Félix;Maroufizadeh, Saman;Martini, Santi Martini S;Mashamba-Thompson, Tivani Phosa;Massenburg, Benjamin Ballard;Maswabi, Motswadi Titus;Alipour, Vahid;Mathur, Manu Raj;McAlinden, Colm;McKee, Martin;Meheretu, Hailemariam Abiy Alemu;Castro, Clara;Mehrotra, Ravi;Mehta, Varshil;Meier, Toni;Melaku, Yohannes A;Meles, Gebrekiros Gebremichael;Meles, Hagazi Gebre;Aljunid, Syed Mohamed;Melese, Addisu;Melku, Mulugeta;Memiah, Peter T N;Castro, Franz;Mendoza, Walter;Menezes, Ritesh G;Merat, Shahin;Meretoja, Tuomo J;Mestrovic, Tomislav;Miazgowski, Bartosz;Miazgowski, Tomasz;Bakeshei, Fatemeh Allah;Mihretie, Kebadnew Mulatu M;Miller, Ted R;Catalá-López, Ferrán;Mills, Edward J;Mir, Seyed Mostafa;Mirzaei, Hamed;Mirzaei, Hamid Reza;Mishra, Rashmi;Moazen, Babak;Mohammad, Dara K;Mohammad, Karzan Abdulmuhsin;Almadi, Majid Abdulrahman Hamad;Mohammad, Yousef;Abu-Raddad, Laith Jamal;Darwesh, Aso Mohammad;Mohammadbeigi, Abolfazl;Mohammadi, Hiwa;Mohammadi, Moslem;Mohammadian, Mahdi;Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Abdollah;Mohammadoo-Khorasani, Milad;Mohammadpourhodki, Reza;Mohammed, Ammas Siraj;Almasi-Hashiani, Amir;Cerin, Ester;Mohammed, Jemal Abdu;Mohammed, Shafiu;Mohebi, Farnam;Mokdad, Ali H;Monasta, Lorenzo;Moodley, Yoshan;Moosazadeh, Mahmood;Moossavi, Maryam;Moradi, Ghobad;Moradi-Joo, Mohammad;Chaiah, Yazan;Alsharif, Ubai;Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar;Moradpour, Farhad;Morawska, Lidia;Morgado-da-Costa, Joana;Morisaki, Naho;Morrison, Shane Douglas;Mosapour, Abbas;Mousavi, Seyyed Meysam;Muche, Achenef Asmamaw;Chanie, Wagaye Fentahun;Muhammed, Oumer Sada S;Alsowaidi, Shirina;Musa, Jonah;Nabhan, Ashraf R;Naderi, Mehdi;Nagarajan, Ahamarshan Jayaraman;Nagel, Gabriele;Nahvijou, Azin;Naik, Gurudatta;Najafi, Farid;Chattu, Vijay Kumar;Naldi, Luigi;Nam, Hae Sung;Alvis-Guzman, Nelson;Nasiri, Naser;Nazari, Javad;Negoi, Ionut;Neupane, Subas;Newcomb, Polly A;Nggada, Haruna Asura;Ngunjiri, Josephine W;Chaturvedi, Pankaj;Nguyen, Cuong Tat;Nikniaz, Leila;Ningrum, Dina Nur Anggraini;Amini, Erfan;Nirayo, Yirga Legesse;Nixon, Molly R;Nnaji, Chukwudi A;Nojomi, Marzieh;Nosratnejad, Shirin;Shiadeh, Malihe Nourollahpour;Chauhan, Neelima Singh;Obsa, Mohammed Suleiman;Ofori-Asenso, Richard;Ogbo, Felix Akpojene;Oh, In-Hwan;Amini, Saeed;Olagunju, Andrew T;Olagunju, Tinuke O;Oluwasanu, Mojisola Morenike;Omonisi, Abidemi E;Onwujekwe, Obinna E;Chehrazi, Mohammad;Oommen, Anu Mary;Oren, Eyal;Ortega-Altamirano, Doris D V;Ota, Erika;Otstavnov, Stanislav S;Amoako, Yaw Ampem;Owolabi, Mayowa Ojo;P A, Mahesh;Padubidri, Jagadish Rao;Pakhale, Smita;Chiang, Peggy Pei-Chia;Pakpour, Amir H;Pana, Adrian;Park, Eun-Kee;Parsian, Hadi;Pashaei, Tahereh;Patel, Shanti;Anbari, Zohreh;Patil, Snehal T;Pennini, Alyssa;Pereira, David M;Chichiabellu, Tesfaye Yitna;Piccinelli, Cristiano;Pillay, Julian David;Pirestani, Majid;Pishgar, Farhad;Postma, Maarten J;Pourjafar, Hadi;Pourmalek, Farshad;Anber, Nahla Hamed;Pourshams, Akram;Prakash, Swayam;Chido-Amajuoyi, Onyema Greg;Prasad, Narayan;Qorbani, Mostafa;Rabiee, Mohammad;Rabiee, Navid;Radfar, Amir;Rafiei, Alireza;Rahim, Fakher;Rahimi, Mahdi;Andrei, Catalina Liliana;Rahman, Muhammad Aziz;Abualhasan, Ahmed;Rajati, Fatemeh;Rana, Saleem M;Raoofi, Samira;Rath, Goura Kishor;Rawaf, David Laith;Rawaf, Salman;Reiner, Robert C;Renzaho, Andre M N;Rezaei, Nima;Anjomshoa, Mina;Chimed-Ochir, Odgerel;Rezapour, Aziz;Ribeiro, Ana Isabel;Ribeiro, Daniela;Ronfani, Luca;Roro, Elias Merdassa;Roshandel, Gholamreza;Rostami, Ali;Saad, Ragy Safwat;Sabbagh, Parisa;Sabour, Siamak;Choi, Jee-Young J;Ansari, Fereshteh;Saddik, Basema;Safiri, Saeid;Sahebkar, Amirhossein;Salahshoor, Mohammad Reza;Salehi, Farkhonde;Salem, Hosni;Salem, Marwa Rashad;Salimzadeh, Hamideh;Salomon, Joshua A;Christopher, Devasahayam J;Samy, Abdallah M;Ansariadi, Ansariadi;Sanabria, Juan;Santric Milicevic, Milena M;Sartorius, Benn;Sarveazad, Arash;Sathian, Brijesh;Satpathy, Maheswar;Savic, Miloje;Sawhney, Monika;Chu, Dinh-Toi;Sayyah, Mehdi;Schneider, Ione J C;Appiah, Seth Christopher Yaw;Schöttker, Ben;Sekerija, Mario;Sepanlou, Sadaf G;Sepehrimanesh, Masood;Seyedmousavi, Seyedmojtaba;Shaahmadi, Faramarz;Shabaninejad, Hosein;Constantin, Maria-Magdalena;Shahbaz, Mohammad;Shaikh, Masood Ali;Shamshirian, Amir;Arab-Zozani, Morteza;Shamsizadeh, Morteza;Sharafi, Heidar;Sharafi, Zeinab;Sharif, Mehdi;Sharifi, Ali;Sharifi, Hamid;Costa, Vera M;Sharma, Rajesh;Sheikh, Aziz;Shirkoohi, Reza;Shukla, Sharvari Rahul;Arabloo, Jalal;Si, Si;Siabani, Soraya;Silva, Diego Augusto Santos;Silveira, Dayane Gabriele Alves;Singh, Ambrish;Crocetti, Emanuele;Singh, Jasvinder A;Sisay, Solomon;Sitas, Freddy;Sobngwi, Eugène;Soofi, Moslem;Arefi, Zohreh;Soriano, Joan B;Stathopoulou, Vasiliki;Sufiyan, Mu'awiyyah Babale;Tabarés-Seisdedos, Rafael;Crowe, Christopher Stephen;Tabuchi, Takahiro;Takahashi, Ken;Tamtaji, Omid Reza;Tarawneh, Mohammed Rasoul;Tassew, Segen Gebremeskel;Taymoori, Parvaneh;Aremu, Olatunde;Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash;Temsah, Mohamad-Hani;Temsah, Omar;Curado, Maria Paula;Tesfay, Berhe Etsay;Tesfay, Fisaha Haile;Teshale, Manaye Yihune;Tessema, Gizachew Assefa;Thapa, Subash;Tlaye, Kenean Getaneh;Topor-Madry, Roman;Areri, Habtamu Abera;Tovani-Palone, Marcos Roberto;Traini, Eugenio;Dahlawi, Saad M A;Tran, Bach Xuan;Tran, Khanh Bao;Tsadik, Afewerki Gebremeskel;Ullah, Irfan;Uthman, Olalekan A;Vacante, Marco;Vaezi, Maryam;Varona Pérez, Patricia;Artaman, Al;Veisani, Yousef;Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi;Vidale, Simone;Violante, Francesco S;Vlassov, Vasily;Vollset, Stein Emil;Vos, Theo;Vosoughi, Kia;Vu, Giang Thu;Vujcic, Isidora S;Wabinga, Henry;Asayesh, Hamid;Damiani, Giovanni;Wachamo, Tesfahun Mulatu;Wagnew, Fasil Shiferaw;Waheed, Yasir;Weldegebreal, Fitsum;Weldesamuel, Girmay Teklay;Wijeratne, Tissa;Wondafrash, Dawit Zewdu;Wonde, Tewodros Eshete;Wondmieneh, Adam Belay;Workie, Hailemariam Mekonnen;Darwish, Amira Hamed;Asfaw, Ephrem Tsegay;Yadav, Rajaram;Yadegar, Abbas;Yadollahpour, Ali;Yaseri, Mehdi;Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Vahid;Yeshaneh, Alex;Yimam, Mohammed Ahmed;Yimer, Ebrahim M;Yisma, Engida;Daryani, Ahmad;Yonemoto, Naohiro;Ashagre, Alebachew Fasil;Younis, Mustafa Z;Yousefi, Bahman;Yousefifard, Mahmoud;Yu, Chuanhua;Zabeh, Erfan;Zadnik, Vesna;Moghadam, Telma Zahirian;Zaidi, Zoubida;das Neves, José;Zamani, Mohammad;Zandian, Hamed;Assadi, Reza;Zangeneh, Alireza;Zaki, Leila;Zendehdel, Kazem;Zenebe, Zerihun Menlkalew;Zewale, Taye Abuhay;Ziapour, Arash;Zodpey, Sanjay;Demeke, Feleke Mekonnen;Murray, Christopher J L;Ataeinia, Bahar;Atalay, Hagos Tasew;Ataro, Zerihun;Atique, Suleman;Ausloos, Marcel;Avila-Burgos, Leticia;Avokpaho, Euripide F G A;Awasthi, Ashish;Awoke, Nefsu;Demis, Asmamaw Bizuneh;Ayala Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina;Ayanore, Martin Amogre;Ayele, Henok Tadesse;Babaee, Ebrahim;Bacha, Umar;Badawi, Alaa;Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba;Bagli, Eleni;Balakrishnan, Senthilkuimar;Balouchi, Abbas;Demissie, Birhanu Wondimeneh;Bärnighausen, Till Winfried;Battista, Robert J;Behzadifar, Masoud;Behzadifar, Meysam;Bekele, Bayu Begashaw;Belay, Yared Belete;Belayneh, Yaschilal Muche;Berfield, Kathleen Kim Sachiko;Berhane, Adugnaw;Bernabe, Eduardo;Demoz, Gebre Teklemariam;Beuran, Mircea;Bhakta, Nickhill;Bhattacharyya, Krittika;Biadgo, Belete;Bijani, Ali;Bin Sayeed, Muhammad Shahdaat;Birungi, Charles;Bisignano, Catherine;Denova-Gutiérrez, Edgar;Derakhshani, Afshin;Advani, Shailesh M;Deribe, Kalkidan Solomon;Desai, Rupak;Desalegn, Beruk Berhanu;Desta, Melaku;Dey, Subhojit;Dharmaratne, Samath Dhamminda;Dhimal, Meghnath;Diaz, Daniel;Dinberu, Mesfin Tadese Tadese;Djalalinia, Shirin;Afarideh, Mohsen;Doku, David Teye;Drake, Thomas M;Dubey, Manisha;Dubljanin, Eleonora;Duken, Eyasu Ejeta;Ebrahimi, Hedyeh;Effiong, Andem;Eftekhari, Aziz;El Sayed, Iman;Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed;Afshari, Mahdi;El-Jaafary, Shaimaa I;El-Khatib, Ziad;Elemineh, Demelash Abewa;Elkout, Hajer;Ellenbogen, Richard G;Elsharkawy, Aisha;Emamian, Mohammad Hassan;Endalew, Daniel Adane;Endries, Aman Yesuf;Eshrati, Babak;Aghaali, Mohammad;Fadhil, Ibtihal
Affiliation: Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Legal Medicine and Bioethics, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
Department of Clinical Legal Medicine, National Institute of Legal Medicine Mina Minovici, Bucharest, Romania
Division of Information and Computing Technology, College of Science and Engineering, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Doha, Qatar
Qatar Foundation, Doha, Qatar
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia
Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
Surveillance and Health Services Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia
Department of Psychosis, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran
Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
Alliance for Improving Health Outcomes, Inc, Quezon City, Philippines
Department of Dentistry, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Section for Translational Health Economics, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
Department of Epidemiology and Evidence-Based Medicine, I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia
Department of General Surgery, Aintree University Hospital National Health Service Foundation Trust, Liverpool, England, United Kingdom
Department of Surgery, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, England, United Kingdom
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Proteomics and Metabolomics Unit, Suez Canal University, Cairo, Egypt
Department of Physiology, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
A.C.S. Medical College and Hospital, Isfahan, Iran
Department of Cardiology, Damietta University, Damietta, Egypt
Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, England, United Kingdom
Department of Environmental Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Environmental Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Department of Plastic Surgery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Ophthalmology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Health Education and Health Promotion Department, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Department of Health Education and Promotion, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milan-Bicocca, Monza, Italy
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Iranian Center of Neurological Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Epidemiology, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
Indonesian Public Health Association, Surabaya, Indonesia
Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle
School of Public Health, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, England, United Kingdom
Faculty of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Department of Ophthalmology, Hywel Dda University Health Board, Carmarthen, Wales, United Kingdom
Department of Health Services Research and Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, England, United Kingdom
Department of Nursing, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
School of Public Health, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Department of Preventive Oncology, National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, Noida, India
Department of Internal Medicine, SevenHills Hospital, Mumbai, India
Department of Neurology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Institute for Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany
Innovation Office, Competence Cluster for Nutrition and Cardiovascular Health, Halle, Germany
Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Department of Public Health, University of West Florida, Pensacola, Florida
Peru Country Office, United Nations Population Fund, Lima, Peru
Forensic Medicine Division, Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Breast Surgery Unit, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Department of Oncology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Clinical Microbiology and Parasitology Unit, Dr. Zora Profozic Polyclinic, Zagreb, Croatia
University Centre Varazdin, University North, Varazdin, Croatia
Medical Sciences Department, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia
Center for Innovation in Medical Education, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
Department of Hypertension, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
Department of Epidemiology, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Golestan, Iran
Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
Department of Medical Immunology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Oral Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle
Institute of Public Health, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany
Newcastle University, Tyne, United Kingdom
Institute of Addiction Research, Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, Frankfurt, Germany
Department of Biology, Salahaddin University, Erbil, Iraq
Department of Medicine, Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
ISHIK University, Erbil, Iraq
Department of Internal Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Department of Information Technology, University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
Department of Neurology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Department of Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran
Research Center for Non-communicable Diseases, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran
Department of Nursing, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
School of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Science, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
Department of Public Health, Samara University, Samera, Ethiopia
Health Systems and Policy Research Unit, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Iran National Institute of Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Public Health, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
Department of Health Metrics Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle
Clinical Epidemiology and Public Health Research Unit, Burlo Garofolo Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Trieste, Italy
Department of Molecular Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
Department of Epidemiology, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
Multiple Sclerosis Research Center, Tehran, Iran
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Department of Economics and Management Sciences for Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Preventive Medicine and Public Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Hospital de Santo António, Hospital Center of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts
Department of Social Medicine, National Center for Child Health and Development, Setagaya, Japan
Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle
Department of Health Management and Economics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Public Health Research Center, New York University Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Center for Global Health, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Knowledge Translation and Utilization, Egyptian Center for Evidence Based Medicine, Cairo, Egypt
School of Paramedical Sciences, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Department of Research and Analytics, Initiative for Financing Health and Human Development, Chennai, India
Department of Research and Analytics, Bioinsilico Technologies, Chennai, India
Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany
Cancer Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
O'NealComprehensive Cancer Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Department of Dermatology, San Bortolo Hospital, Vicenza, Italy
GISED Study Center, Bergamo, Italy
Department of Public Health, Wachemo University, Hossana, Ethiopia
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, South Korea
Department of Community Medicine, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Daejeon Regional Cancer Center, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, South Korea
Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran
Department of Pediatrics, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
Emergency Hospital of Bucharest, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington
Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle
Department of Histopathology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Department of Human Pathology, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Department of Ophthalmology, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Embu, Embu, Kenya
Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Hanoi, Vietnam
Tabriz Health Services Management Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Department of Public Health Sciences, State University of Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia
Graduate Institute of Biomedical Informatics, Taipei Medical University, Taipei City, Taiwan
Cochrane South Africa, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Department of Community and Family Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Health Economics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Beijing, China
Department of Anesthesia, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia
Department of Preventive Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Dongdaemun-gu, South Korea
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Department of Psychiatry, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
Department of Healthcare Policy and Research, Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar, Doha, Qatar
Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Department of Health Promotion and Education, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Department of Anatomic Pathology, Ekiti State University, Ado- Ekiti, Nigeria
Department of Anatomic Pathology, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu, Nigeria
Health Services Management Training Centre, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
Department of Community Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, California
Center for Health Systems Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico
Department of Global Health Nursing, St. Luke's International University, Chuo-ku, Japan
Analytical Center, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Russia
Institute for Advanced Medical Research and Training, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Department of TB & Respiratory Medicine, Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeswara University, Mysore, India
Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Manipal University, Mangaluru, India
Department of Medicine, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Department of Public Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
School of Health Sciences, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India
Department of Nursing, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden
Department of Statistics and Econometrics, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania
Center for Health Outcomes & Evaluation, Bucharest, Romania
Department of Medical Humanities and Social Medicine, Kosin University, Busan, South Korea
Department of Medicine, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York
Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Karad, India
Department of Sociology, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye, Nigeria
Requimte/LAQV, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
University of Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia
ReferenceCenter for Epidemiology and Cancer Prevention, CPO Piedmont, Torino, Italy
Institute of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
Basic Medical Sciences Department, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa
Departments of Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Uro-Oncology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
Department of Public Health, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran
School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Social Behavioral Research Branch, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland
Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Georgetown University, Washington, DC
Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Nephrology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Department of Chemistry, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Divisions of Chemistry and Diseases, Advanced Technologies Research Group, Tehran, Iran
A.T. Still University, Mesa, Arizona
Department of Immunology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Molecular and Cell Biology Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Health Education and Promotion, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Department of Public Health, Contech School of Public Health, Lahore, Pakistan
Public Health Department, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Radiation Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
WHO Collaborating Centre for Public Health Education and Training, Imperial College London, London, England, United Kingdom
University College London Hospitals, London, England, United Kingdom
Academic Public Health, Public Health England, London, England, United Kingdom
Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Network of Immunity in Infection, Malignancy, and Autoimmunity, Universal Scientific Education and Research Network, Tehran, Iran
Department of Biology, Morgan State University, Baltimore, Maryland
Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Epidemiology Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
Department of Public Health, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Golestan Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Clinical Operations, Doctor Evidence, Santa Monica, California
Department of Epidemiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Medical Department, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Institute for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Münster, Münster, Germany
Managerial Epidemiology Research Center, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran
Biotechnology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Neurogenic Inflammation Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
A.C.S. Medical College and Hospital, Tehran, Iran
Taleghani Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Department of Urology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Public Health and Community Medicine Department, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Center for Health Policy and Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford, California
Department of Entomology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Department of Surgery, Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia
Immunogenetics Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Departments of Nutrition and Preventive Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
School of Public Health and Health Management, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, England, United Kingdom
Colorectal Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Health, Directorate for Health Information and Research, Pieta, Malta
Surgery Department, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
Faculty of Health & Social Sciences, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, England, United Kingdom
UGC Centre of Advanced Study in Psychology, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, India
Udyam-Global Association for Sustainable Development, Bhubaneswar, India
GSK Biologicals, Wavre, Belgium
Department of Neurology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Education Development Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
School of Health Sciences, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Ararangua, Brazil
Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Aging Research, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany
Department of Medical Statistics, Epidemiology and Medical Informatics, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Division of Epidemiology and Prevention of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases, Croatian Institute of Public Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Vital Strategies, Gurugram, India
Center of Expertise in Microbiology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Invasive Fungi Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Cellular and Molecular Biology Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Department of Health Promotion and Education, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
Department of Health Policy, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Independent consultant, Karachi, Pakistan
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Chronic Diseases (Home Care) Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Department of Molecular Hepatology, Middle East Liver Disease Center, Tehran, Iran
Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
Department of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
Department of Laboratory Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
Knowledge Utilization Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Department of Ophthalmology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
University School of Management and Entrepreneurship, Delhi Technological University, New Delhi, India
Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary Care, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts
Cancer Biology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Symbiosis Institute of Health Sciences, Symbiosis International University, Pune, Maharashtra, India
School of Health Sciences, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil
University of Brasília, Brasília, Brazil
Department of the Health Industrial Complex and Innovation in Health, Ministry of Health, Brasília, Brazil
Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham
Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham
Medical Department, German Leprosy and TB Relief Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Central Hospital of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Hospital Universitario de la Princesa, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Centro de Investigación en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Institute of Health Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
Department of Occupational Therapy, Athens University of Applied Sciences, Athens, Greece
Hematologic Malignancies Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Department of Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Biomedical Research Networking Center for Mental Health Network, Carlos III Health Institute, Madrid, Spain
Cancer Control Center, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka, Japan
Jordan University of Science and Technology, Ramtha, Jordan
Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Department of Public Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Department of Community Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Department of Pediatrics, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
School of Pharmacy, Aksum University, Aksum, Ethiopia
Department of Public Health, Adigrat University, Adigrat, Ethiopia
Department of Public Health, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Department of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
The Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Tariff System, Warsaw, Poland
Department of Pathology and Legal Medicine, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil
Department of Epidemiology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Department of Health Economics, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam
Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Department of Clinical Hematology and Toxicology, Military Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam
Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Addis Ababa University, Dessie, Ethiopia
School of Pharmacy, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Gomal Center of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan
Division of Health Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, England, United Kingdom
Department of General Surgery and Medical-Surgical Specialties, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
Women's Reproductive Health Research Center, A.C.S. Medical College and Hospital, Tabriz, Iran
Alzahra Teaching Hospital, Tabriz, Iran
Department for International Development, Health Network of Cuba, Havana, Cuba
Centre of Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Spain
Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
Department of Neurology & Stroke Unit, Sant'Anna Hospital, Como, Italy
Clinical Pharmacy Unit, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Occupational Health Unit, Sant'Orsola Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy
Department of Health Care Administration and Economy, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
Center of Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
Department of Pathology, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Department of Public Health, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Department of Population Health Sciences, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
Nursing Department, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Foundation University Medical College, Foundation University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
College of Nursing, Aksum University, Aksum, Ethiopia
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Department of Nursing, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Department of Nursing, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Department of Neonatal and Pediatric Health Nursing, Bahir Dar University, Bahirdar, Ethiopia
Department of Population Studies, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India
Foodborne and Waterborne Diseases Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Medical Physics, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Department of Public Health, Amhara Public Health Institute, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
John T. Milliken Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, St Louis, Missouri
Clinical Epidemiology Center, VA Saint Louis Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, St Louis, Missouri
Ophthalmic Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Health Management, Policy, and Economics, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Health Services Management Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
School of Allied Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Department of Neuropsychopharmacology, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan
Health Economics & Finance, Global Health, Jackson State University, Jackson, Mississippi
Department of Public Health, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
School of Health Care Administration, Oklahoma State University, Tulsa
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Physiology Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
Global Health Institute, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
Department of Electrical Engineering, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Electrical Engineering, Bioelectric Group, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Epidemiology and Cancer Registry Sector, Institute of Oncology, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
Health Care Delivery Sciences, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma
Department of Epidemiology, University Hospital of Setif, Setif, Algeria
Student Research Committee, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Department of Parasitology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Evidence-Based Practice Research Center, Mayo Clinic Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Rochester, Minnesota
Department of Midwifery, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Health Promotion Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
School of Health Sciences, Madda Walabu University, Bale Goba, Ethiopia
Department of Health Sciences, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Parasitology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
ODeL Campus, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Department of Health Care Management and Economics, Urmia University of Medical Science, Urmia, Iran
Department of Health Economics, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Health Policy and Management, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
International Centre for Casemix and Clinical Coding, National University of Malaysia, Bandar Tun Razak, Malaysia
Department of Social Medicine, Behbahan Faculty of Medical Sciences, Behbahan, Iran
Department of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum, Bochum, Germany
College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates
Research Group in Health Economics, Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia
Department of Dermatology, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
Research Group in Hospital Management and Health Policies, Universidad de la Costa, Barranquilla, Colombia
Department of Urology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Health Services Management, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
Department of Internal Medicine, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana
Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
Research Center for Evidence Based Medicine, Health Management and Safety Promotion Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
School of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
Department of Sociology and Social Work, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Department of Public Health, Madda Walabu University, Goba, Ethiopia
Center for International Health, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
Department of Healthcare Management, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
School of Health Sciences, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, England, United Kingdom
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
Institute of Biomedical Science, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Department of Clinical Chemistry, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Education Development Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
School of Public Health, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
College ofPublic Health, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
Division of Hematology, University of Washington, Seattle
Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Dhaka, Ramna, Bangladesh
School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Research School of Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capitol Territory, Australia
General Office for Research and Technological Transfer, Peruvian National Institute of Health, Lima, Peru
School of Business, University of Leicester, Leicester, England, United Kingdom
Bénin Clinical Research Institute, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Ramtha, Jordan
Contrôle des Maladies Infectieuses, Laboratory of Studies and Research-Action in Health, Porto Novo, Benin
Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar, India
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada
Public Health Department, Dilla University, Dilla, Ethiopia
School of Health Sciences, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
Public Health Risk Sciences Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, Foundation for Research & Technology, Ioannina, Greece
Department of Medical Microbiology, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
School of Nursing and Allied Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Heidelberg Institute of Global Health, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany
Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts
Doctor Evidence, Santa Monica, California
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
Public Health Department, Mizan-Tepi University, Teppi, Ethiopia
Department of Pharmacoepidemiology and Social Pharmacy, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
AC Environments Foundation, Cuernavaca, Mexico
Department of Pharmacy, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle
Dental Institute, King's College London, London, England, United Kingdom
Department of Global Pediatric Medicine, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee
Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, Kalyani, India
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
The UCL Centre for Global Health Economics, University College London, London, England, United Kingdom
Fast-Track Implementation Department, United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Gaborone, Botswana
Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway
Department of Radiation Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland
Department of Medical Microbiology & Immunology, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
Department of Pediatrics, The University of Texas, Houston
Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Department of Clinical and Molecular Biomedicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
Department of Oncology, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy
Ministry of Public Health, Beirut, Lebanon
University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Queensland, Australia
Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
Biomedical Technologies, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Moscow, Russia
Public Health Department, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil
Al Shifa School of Public Health, Al Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Division of Health Policy and Management, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
Institute for Cancer Research, Prevention and Clinical Network, Florence, Italy
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Applied Molecular Biosciences Unit, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Department of Epidemiology, Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto, Porto, Portugal
EpiUnit, Instituto de Saúde Pública, University of Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia
Department of Research and Health Technology Assessment, Gorgas Memorial Institute for Health Studies, Panama City, Panama
Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
National School of Public Health, Carlos III Health Institute, Madrid, Spain
Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
China Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Department of Surgical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, People's College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal, India
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Epidemiology Research Center, Royan Institute, Tehran, Iran
Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics, and Environmental Sciences, The University of Texas, Houston
Institute of Industrial Ecological Science, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan
Departments ofBiochemistry and Biomedical Science, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea
College of Arts and Sciences, Ohio University, Zanesville
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, India
Faculty of Biology, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Vietnam
Department of Cancer Immunology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Department of Dermatology, 2nd Clinic of Dermatology, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
2nd Department of Dermatology, Colentina Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania
UCIBIO/REQUIMTE, Laboratory of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Romagnolo Scientific Institute for the Study and Treatment of Tumors, Meldola, Italy
Department of Epidemiology, A. C. Camargo Cancer Center, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Department of Environmental Health, College of Public Health, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Department of Dermatology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology Department, National Hepatology and Tropical Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt
Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
Toxoplasmosis Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Institute for Research and Innovation in Health (i3S), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Institute of Biomedical Engineering (INEB), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Department of Nursing, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Center for Nutrition and Health Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico
Department of Immunology, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
Department of Preventive Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland
School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
Division of Cardiology, Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Decatur, Georgia
School of Nutrition, Food Science and Technology, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Department of Midwifery, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics, Autonomous University of Sinaloa, Culiacán Rosales, Mexico
Disha Foundation, Gurgaon, India
Department of Community Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Health Research Section, Nepal Health Research Council, Kathmandu, Nepal
Center of Complexity Sciences, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Academy of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Research and Technology, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
Department of Population and Health, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
Faculty of Social Sciences, Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
Department of Clinical Surgery, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
United Nations World Food Programme, New Delhi, India
College of Health Sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Mycobacteriology Research Center, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Liver and Pancreaticobiliary Disease Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Basic Sciences, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran
Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Department of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Department of Clinical Pathology, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Independent consultant, Accra, Ghana
Department of Statistics, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
Department of Community Medicine, Tripoli University, Tripoli, Libya
Department of Health Information, World Health Organization, Tripoli, Libya
Department of Neurology, University of Washington, Seattle
Department of Surgery, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington
Endemic Medicine and Hepatogastroenterology Department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Ophthalmic Epidemiology Research Center, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
Health Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Department of Midwifery, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Public Health Department, St Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Center of Communicable Disease Control, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
School of Public Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
Department of Non-communicable Diseases, Ministry of Public Health, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Department of Community Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Department of Public Health Nutrition, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Department of Epidemiology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Department of Psychiatry, Kaiser Permanente, Fontana, California
School of Health Sciences, A.T. Still University, Mesa, Arizona
School of Public Health Medicine, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
James Cancer Hospital, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
Department of Oncology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee
Abadan School of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran
Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Gene Expression and Regulation Program, Cancer Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Department of Dermatology, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
Department of Public Health, Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle
Department of Environmental Health Science, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy
Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Fez, University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fez, Morocco
Non-communicable Disease Department, Laboratory of Studies and Research-Action in Health, Porto Novo, Benin
Department of Nursing, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Department of Nursing, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
School of Pharmacy, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
Institute of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Informatics, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany
Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
Department of Biostatistics, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Medical Surgical Department, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston
Physiology Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Medical Department, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
Unit of Academic Primary Care, University of Warwick, Coventry, England, United Kingdom
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Department of Nursing, A.C.S. Medical College and Hospital, Aksum, Ethiopia
Department of Surgery, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City
Student Research Committee, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Health and Social Affairs, Government of the Federated States of Micronesia, Palikir, Federated States of Micronesia
Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Section, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute, Florence, Italy
Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
School of Medicine, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts
Department of Public Health, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil
School of Dentistry, State University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil
Department of Epidemiology, Healis Sekhsaria Institute for Public Health, Mumbai, India
West Virginia Bureau for Public Health, Charleston
Department of Health Policy, Management & Leadership, West Virginia University, Morgantown
University of Tampere, UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland
International Otorhinolaryngology Research Association, Tehran, Iran
Department of Pharmacology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Obesity Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
School of Health and Environmental Studies, Hamdan Bin Mohammed Smart University, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Biomedical Research Networking Center for Mental Health Network, Madrid, Spain
Research and Development Unit, San Juan de Dios Sanitary Park, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Spain
School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Imam Ali Cardiovascular Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Department of Nutrition and Health Science, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana
Department of Microbiology, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran
Department of Microbiology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Unit of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University Hospital Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium
International Foundation for Dermatology, London, England, United Kingdom
St John's Institute of Dermatology, King's College London, London, England, United Kingdom
Mizan-Tepi University, Teppi, Ethiopia
Department of Epidemiology, Adigrat University, Adigrat, Ethiopia
The University of Texas at Austin, Austin
Global Patient Outcome and Real World Evidence, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, Indiana
Transdisciplinary Centre for Qualitative Methods, Manipal University, Manipal, India
Department of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Department of Pulmonology, Yokohama City University, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Japan
National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY
Department of Computer Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Computer Science, University of Human Development, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq
Department of General Surgery, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
Department of Internal Medicine, Bucharest Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania
Department of Psychology and Counselling, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
National Centre for Epidemiology & Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Department of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts
Clinical Governance, Gold Coast Health, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
The Judith Lumley Centre, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia
NSW Health, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Western Sydney University, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia
International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Centre of Cardiovascular Research and Education in Therapeutics, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Translational Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia
Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
National Centre for Farmer Health, Deakin University, Waurn Ponds, Victoria, Australia
Austin Health Clinical School of Nursing, La Trobe University, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Asbestos Diseases Research Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, St Albans, Victoria, Australia
Southgate Institute for Health, Society and Equity, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
School of Medicine, Xiamen University Malaysia, Sepang, Malaysia
Department of Health Management and Health Economics, Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway
Department of Health Services Policy & Management, University of South Carolina, Columbia
Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway
Department of Health Economics and Social Security, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
Neurophysiology Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Brain Engineering Research Center, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Networking Center for Mental Health Network, San Juan de Dios Sanitary Park, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Spain
Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies, Barcelona, Spain
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle
Department of Public Health, Yüksek Ihtisas University, Ankara, Turkey
Department of Public Health, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
Department of Family and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana
Department of Psychology and Health Promotion, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Department of Medicine Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts
Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
School of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Department of Public Health Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Department of Nursing, St. John of God Hospital, Duayaw Nkwanta, Ghana
Clinical Medicine and Community Health, A.C.S. Medical College and Hospital, Milan, Italy
Department of Internal Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
Department of Nursing, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Public Health Foundation of India, Gurugram, India
Department of Community and Family Medicine, Academy of Medical Science, Baghdad, Iraq
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, India
Institute of Clinical Physiology, Italian National Research Council, Pisa, Italy
Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Spain
Department of Public Health, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
Issue Date: 27-Sep-2019
EDate: 2019
Citation: JAMA oncology 2019; online first: 27 September
Abstract: Cancer and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are now widely recognized as a threat to global development. The latest United Nations high-level meeting on NCDs reaffirmed this observation and also highlighted the slow progress in meeting the 2011 Political Declaration on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases and the third Sustainable Development Goal. Lack of situational analyses, priority setting, and budgeting have been identified as major obstacles in achieving these goals. All of these have in common that they require information on the local cancer epidemiology. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study is uniquely poised to provide these crucial data. To describe cancer burden for 29 cancer groups in 195 countries from 1990 through 2017 to provide data needed for cancer control planning. We used the GBD study estimation methods to describe cancer incidence, mortality, years lived with disability, years of life lost, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). Results are presented at the national level as well as by Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a composite indicator of income, educational attainment, and total fertility rate. We also analyzed the influence of the epidemiological vs the demographic transition on cancer incidence. In 2017, there were 24.5 million incident cancer cases worldwide (16.8 million without nonmelanoma skin cancer [NMSC]) and 9.6 million cancer deaths. The majority of cancer DALYs came from years of life lost (97%), and only 3% came from years lived with disability. The odds of developing cancer were the lowest in the low SDI quintile (1 in 7) and the highest in the high SDI quintile (1 in 2) for both sexes. In 2017, the most common incident cancers in men were NMSC (4.3 million incident cases); tracheal, bronchus, and lung (TBL) cancer (1.5 million incident cases); and prostate cancer (1.3 million incident cases). The most common causes of cancer deaths and DALYs for men were TBL cancer (1.3 million deaths and 28.4 million DALYs), liver cancer (572 000 deaths and 15.2 million DALYs), and stomach cancer (542 000 deaths and 12.2 million DALYs). For women in 2017, the most common incident cancers were NMSC (3.3 million incident cases), breast cancer (1.9 million incident cases), and colorectal cancer (819 000 incident cases). The leading causes of cancer deaths and DALYs for women were breast cancer (601 000 deaths and 17.4 million DALYs), TBL cancer (596 000 deaths and 12.6 million DALYs), and colorectal cancer (414 000 deaths and 8.3 million DALYs). The national epidemiological profiles of cancer burden in the GBD study show large heterogeneities, which are a reflection of different exposures to risk factors, economic settings, lifestyles, and access to care and screening. The GBD study can be used by policy makers and other stakeholders to develop and improve national and local cancer control in order to achieve the global targets and improve equity in cancer care.
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/21823
DOI: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.2996
PubMed URL: 31560378
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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