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|Title:||Towards fast and reliable simultaneous EEG-fMRI analysis of epilepsy with automatic spike detection.|
|Authors:||Omidvarnia, Amir;Kowalczyk, Magdalena A;Pedersen, Mangor;Jackson, Graeme D|
|Affiliation:||The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia|
Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Department of Neurology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
|Citation:||Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 2018; 130(3): 368-378|
|Abstract:||The process of manually marking up epileptic spikes for simultaneous electroencephalogram (EEG) and resting state functional MRI (rsfMRI) analysis in epilepsy studies is a tedious and subjective task for a human expert. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether automatic EEG spike detection can facilitate EEG-rsfMRI analysis, and to assess its potential as a clinical tool in epilepsy. We implemented a fast algorithm for detection of uniform interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) in one-hour scalp EEG recordings of 19 refractory focal epilepsy datasets (from 16 patients) who underwent a simultaneous EEG-rsfMRI recording. Our method was based on matched filtering of an IED template (derived from human markup) used to automatically detect other 'similar' EEG events. We compared simultaneous EEG-rsfMRI results between automatic IED detection and standard analysis with human EEG markup only. In contrast to human markup, automatic IED detection takes a much shorter time to detect IEDs and export an output text file containing spike timings. In 13/19 focal epilepsy datasets, statistical EEG-rsfMRI maps based on automatic spike detection method were comparable with human markup, and in 6/19 focal epilepsy cases automatic spike detection revealed additional brain regions not seen with human EEG markup. Additional events detected by our automated method independently revealed similar patterns of activation to a human markup. Overall, automatic IED detection provides greater statistical power in EEG-rsfMRI analysis compared to human markup in a short timeframe. Automatic spike detection is a simple and fast method that can reproduce comparable and, in some cases, even superior results compared to the common practice of manual EEG markup in EEG-rsfMRI analysis of epilepsy. Our study shows that IED detection algorithms can be effectively used in epilepsy clinical settings. This work further helps in translating EEG-rsfMRI research into a fast, reliable and easy-to-use clinical tool for epileptologists.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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