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|Title:||Evolution of daptomycin resistance in coagulase negative staphylococci involves mutations of the essential two component regulator WalKR.|
|Authors:||Jiang, Jhih-Hang;Dexter, Carina;Cameron, David R;Monk, Ian R;Baines, Sarah;Abbott, Iain J;Spelman, Denis W;Kostoulias, Xenia;Nethercott, Cara;Howden, Benjamin P;Peleg, Anton Y|
|Affiliation:||Microbiology Unit, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, VIC Australia|
Infection and Immunity Program, Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute and Department of Microbiology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia
Department of Infectious Diseases, The Alfred Hospital and Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne at the Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, Victoria 3052, Australia
Austin Centre for Infection Research (ACIR), Department of Infectious Diseases, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Microbiological Diagnostics Unit, University of Melbourne at the Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, Victoria 3052, Australia
|Citation:||Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy 2019; online first: 7 January|
|Abstract:||Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) represent one of the major causes of healthcare- and medical device-associated infections. Emerging antimicrobial resistance has complicated treatment of systemic infections caused by CoNS. Here, we describe the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in clinical CoNS strains from a tertiary care hospital over a four-year period, and observed a significant increase in resistance to daptomycin. Notably, Staphylococcus capitis accounted for the majority of these daptomycin-resistant (DAP-R) CoNS. To further investigate the mechanisms of daptomycin resistance in CoNS, daptomycin-susceptible clinical strains of S. capitis and S. epidermidis underwent in vitro daptomycin exposure to generate DAP-R CoNS mutants. Unlike that seen with S. aureus, alteration of cell surface charge was not observed in the DAP-R CoNS strains, but biofilm formation was compromised. Whole-genome sequencing analysis of the DAP-R CoNS strains identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in walKR, the essential two-component regulatory system controlling cell wall biogenesis. PCR and sequencing of walk and walR from 17 DAP-R CoNS clinical isolates identified seven non-synonymous mutations. The results were confirmed by the recreation of the walK SNP in S. epidermidis, which resulted in reduced susceptibility to daptomycin and vancomycin. This study highlights the significance of CoNS in evolving daptomycin resistance and showed that walKR is shared among the staphylococcal species as being involved in antibiotic resistance development. Notably, we did not observe mutations in genes responsible for phospholipid biosynthesis or an altered cell surface charge, suggesting that reduced daptomycin susceptibility in CoNS may emerge in a fashion distinct from S. aureus.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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