Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/19897
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dc.contributor.authorRadovanovic, Dejan-
dc.contributor.authorSotgiu, Giovanni-
dc.contributor.authorJankovic, Mateja-
dc.contributor.authorMahesh, Padukudru Anand-
dc.contributor.authorMarcos, Pedro Jorge-
dc.contributor.authorAbdalla, Mohamed I-
dc.contributor.authorDi Pasquale, Marta Francesca-
dc.contributor.authorGramegna, Andrea-
dc.contributor.authorTerraneo, Silvia-
dc.contributor.authorBlasi, Francesco-
dc.contributor.authorSantus, Pierachille-
dc.contributor.authorBorderìas, Luis-
dc.contributor.authorBordon Garcia, Noel Manuel-
dc.contributor.authorCabello Alarcón, Hugo-
dc.contributor.authorCilloniz, Catia-
dc.contributor.authorTorres, Antoni-
dc.contributor.authorDiaz-Brito, Vicens-
dc.contributor.authorCasas, Xavier-
dc.contributor.authorEncabo González, Alicia-
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Almira, Maria Luisa-
dc.contributor.authorCambursano, Victor Hugo-
dc.contributor.authorJayaraj, B S-
dc.contributor.authorGallego, Miguel-
dc.contributor.authorGaspar-GarcÍa, Inmaculada-
dc.contributor.authorGonzález Del Castillo, Juan-
dc.contributor.authorJavaloyes Victoria, Patricia-
dc.contributor.authorLaserna Martínez, Elena-
dc.contributor.authorMalo de Molina, Rosa-
dc.contributor.authorMenéndez, Rosario-
dc.contributor.authorPando-Sandoval, Ana-
dc.contributor.authorPrat Aymerich, Cristina-
dc.contributor.authorLacoma de la Torre, Alicia-
dc.contributor.authorNarayan, Kiran Vishnu-
dc.contributor.authorCeccato, Adrian-
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Olivé, Ignasi-
dc.contributor.authorRello, Jordi-
dc.contributor.authorMoyano, Silvia-
dc.contributor.authorSanz, Francisco-
dc.contributor.authorSibila, Oriol-
dc.contributor.authorRodrigo-Troyano, Ana-
dc.contributor.authorSolé-Violán, Jordi-
dc.contributor.authorUranga, Ane-
dc.contributor.authorvan Boven, Job F M-
dc.contributor.authorUdnur, Hirennappa B-
dc.contributor.authorVendrell Torra, Ester-
dc.contributor.authorChertcoff, Julio-
dc.contributor.authorPujol, Jordi Almirall-
dc.contributor.authorFeldman, Charles-
dc.contributor.authorKee Yum, Ho-
dc.contributor.authorFiogbe, Arnauld Attannon-
dc.contributor.authorYangui, Ferdaous-
dc.contributor.authorBilaceroglu, Semra-
dc.contributor.authorDalar, Levent-
dc.contributor.authorYilmaz, Ufuk-
dc.contributor.authorKrishnamurthy, Shashi Bhaskara-
dc.contributor.authorBogomolov, Artemii-
dc.contributor.authorElahi, Naheed-
dc.contributor.authorCordon Díaz, Ariel-
dc.contributor.authorDhasmana, Devesh J-
dc.contributor.authorFeneley, Andrew-
dc.contributor.authorHancock, Carole-
dc.contributor.authorHill, Adam T-
dc.contributor.authorRudran, Banu-
dc.contributor.authorRuiz-Buitrago, Silvia-
dc.contributor.authorCampbell, Marion-
dc.contributor.authorKant, Surya-
dc.contributor.authorWhitaker, Paul-
dc.contributor.authorYouzguin, Alexander-
dc.contributor.authorSinganayagam, Anika-
dc.contributor.authorde Vedia, Lautaro-
dc.contributor.authorAllen, Karen S-
dc.contributor.authorBrito, Veronica-
dc.contributor.authorDietz, Jessica-
dc.contributor.authorDysart, Claire E-
dc.contributor.authorKellie, Susan M-
dc.contributor.authorFranco-Sadud, Ricardo A-
dc.contributor.authorSwarnakar, Rajesh-
dc.contributor.authorMeier, Garnet-
dc.contributor.authorGaga, Mina-
dc.contributor.authorHolland, Thomas L-
dc.contributor.authorBergin, Stephen P-
dc.contributor.authorGanaha, Maria Cristina-
dc.contributor.authorKheir, Fayez-
dc.contributor.authorLandmeier, Mark-
dc.contributor.authorLois, Manuel-
dc.contributor.authorNair, Girish B-
dc.contributor.authorPatel, Hemali-
dc.contributor.authorSalvi, Sundeep-
dc.contributor.authorReyes, Katherine-
dc.contributor.authorRodriguez-Cintron, William-
dc.contributor.authorSaito, Shigeki-
dc.contributor.authorSoni, Nilam J-
dc.contributor.authorNoda, Julio-
dc.contributor.authorLambert, Sandra-
dc.contributor.authorHinojosa, Cecilia I-
dc.contributor.authorLevine, Stephanie M-
dc.contributor.authorAngel, Luis F-
dc.contributor.authorAnzueto, Antonio-
dc.contributor.authorLimaye, Sneha-
dc.contributor.authorScott Whitlow, K-
dc.contributor.authorHipskind, John-
dc.contributor.authorSukhija, Kunal-
dc.contributor.authorTotten, Vicken-
dc.contributor.authorWunderink, Richard G-
dc.contributor.authorShah, Ray D-
dc.contributor.authorLopardo, Gustavo-
dc.contributor.authorMateyo, Kondwelani John-
dc.contributor.authorCarugati, Manuela-
dc.contributor.authorMorosi, Manuela-
dc.contributor.authorGolshani, Keihan-
dc.contributor.authorMonge, Elisa-
dc.contributor.authorLuna, Carlos M-
dc.contributor.authorMalberti, Alessio Gerardo-
dc.contributor.authorMorcillo, Nora-
dc.contributor.authorTartara, Silvina-
dc.contributor.authorPensotti, Claudia-
dc.contributor.authorPereyra, Betiana-
dc.contributor.authorScapellato, Pablo Gustavo-
dc.contributor.authorStagnaro, Juan Pablo-
dc.contributor.authorShah, Sonali-
dc.contributor.authorKeatings, Vera M-
dc.contributor.authorLötsch, Felix-
dc.contributor.authorThalhammer, Florian-
dc.contributor.authorAnseeuw, Kurt-
dc.contributor.authorFrancois, Camille A-
dc.contributor.authorVan Braeckel, Eva-
dc.contributor.authorVincent, Jean Louis-
dc.contributor.authorDjimon, Marcel Zannou-
dc.contributor.authorAranha Nouér, Simone-
dc.contributor.authorChipev, Peter-
dc.contributor.authorEncheva, Milena-
dc.contributor.authorAliberti, Stefano-
dc.contributor.authorMiteva, Darina-
dc.contributor.authorPetkova, Diana-
dc.contributor.authorBalkissou, Adamou Dodo-
dc.contributor.authorPefura Yone, Eric Walter-
dc.contributor.authorMbatchou Ngahane, Bertrand Hugo-
dc.contributor.authorShen, Ning-
dc.contributor.authorXu, Jin-Fu-
dc.contributor.authorBustamante Rico, Carlos Andres-
dc.contributor.authorBuitrago, Ricardo-
dc.contributor.authorPereira Paternina, Fernando Jose-
dc.contributor.authorMartin-Loeches, Ignacio-
dc.contributor.authorKayembe Ntumba, Jean-Marie-
dc.contributor.authorVladic-Carevic, Vesna-
dc.contributor.authorJakopovic, Marko-
dc.contributor.authorMatkovic, Zinka-
dc.contributor.authorMitrecic, Ivan-
dc.contributor.authorBouchy Jacobsson, Marie-Laure-
dc.contributor.authorBro Christensen, Anette-
dc.contributor.authorHeitmann Bødtger, Uffe Christian-
dc.contributor.authorMeyer, Christian Niels-
dc.contributor.authorVestergaard Jensen, Andreas-
dc.contributor.authorMaor, Yasmin-
dc.contributor.authorEl-Said Abd El-Wahhab, Ibrahim-
dc.contributor.authorElsayed Morsy, Nesreen-
dc.contributor.authorShafiek, Hanaa-
dc.contributor.authorSobh, Eman-
dc.contributor.authorAbdulsemed, Kedir Abdella-
dc.contributor.authorBertrand, Fabrice-
dc.contributor.authorBrun-Buisson, Christian-
dc.contributor.authorde Montmollin, Etienne-
dc.contributor.authorFartoukh, Muriel-
dc.contributor.authorMessika, Jonathan-
dc.contributor.authorStrahilevitz, Jacob-
dc.contributor.authorTattevin, Pierre-
dc.contributor.authorKhoury, Abdo-
dc.contributor.authorEbruke, Bernard-
dc.contributor.authorDreher, Michael-
dc.contributor.authorKolditz, Martin-
dc.contributor.authorMeisinger, Matthias-
dc.contributor.authorPletz, Mathias W-
dc.contributor.authorHagel, Stefan-
dc.contributor.authorRupp, Jan-
dc.contributor.authorSchaberg, Tom-
dc.contributor.authorBattaglia, Salvatore-
dc.contributor.authorSpielmanns, Marc-
dc.contributor.authorCreutz, Petra-
dc.contributor.authorSuttorp, Norton-
dc.contributor.authorSiaw-Lartey, Beatrice-
dc.contributor.authorDimakou, Katerina-
dc.contributor.authorPapapetrou, Dimosthenis-
dc.contributor.authorTsigou, Evdoxia-
dc.contributor.authorAmpazis, Dimitrios-
dc.contributor.authorKaimakamis, Evangelos-
dc.contributor.authorBhatia, Mohit-
dc.contributor.authorCarrabba, Maria-
dc.contributor.authorDhar, Raja-
dc.contributor.authorD'Souza, George-
dc.contributor.authorGarg, Rajiv-
dc.contributor.authorKoul, Parvaiz A-
dc.contributor.authorCeriana, Piero-
dc.contributor.authorConfalonieri, Marco-
dc.contributor.authord'Arminio Monforte, Antonella-
dc.contributor.authorDel Prato, Bruno-
dc.contributor.authorDe Rosa, Marino-
dc.contributor.authorReyes, Luis F-
dc.contributor.authorFantini, Riccardo-
dc.contributor.authorFiorentino, Giuseppe-
dc.contributor.authorGammino, Maria Antonia-
dc.contributor.authorMenzella, Francesco-
dc.contributor.authorMilani, Giuseppe-
dc.contributor.authorNava, Stefano-
dc.contributor.authorPalmiero, Gerardo-
dc.contributor.authorPetrino, Roberta-
dc.contributor.authorGabrielli, Barbra-
dc.contributor.authorRossi, Paolo-
dc.contributor.authorRestrepo, Marcos I-
dc.contributor.authorSorino, Claudio-
dc.contributor.authorSteinhilber, Gundi-
dc.contributor.authorZanforlin, Alessandro-
dc.contributor.authorFranzetti, Fabio-
dc.contributor.authorCarone, Mauro-
dc.contributor.authorPatella, Vincenzo-
dc.contributor.authorScarlata, Simone-
dc.contributor.authorComel, Andrea-
dc.contributor.authorKurahashi, Kiyoyasu-
dc.contributor.authorAoun Bacha, Zeina-
dc.contributor.authorAruj, Patricia Karina-
dc.contributor.authorBarajas Ugalde, Daniel-
dc.contributor.authorCeballos Zuñiga, Omar-
dc.contributor.authorVillegas, José F-
dc.contributor.authorMedenica, Milic-
dc.contributor.authorvan de Garde, E M W-
dc.contributor.authorRaj Mihsra, Deebya-
dc.contributor.authorShrestha, Poojan-
dc.contributor.authorRidgeon, Elliott-
dc.contributor.authorIshola Awokola, Babatunde-
dc.contributor.authorNwankwo, Ogonna N O-
dc.contributor.authorAttorri, Silvia-
dc.contributor.authorOlufunlola, Adefuye Bolanle-
dc.contributor.authorOlumide, Segaolu-
dc.contributor.authorUkwaja, Kingsley N-
dc.contributor.authorIrfan, Muhammad-
dc.contributor.authorMinarowski, Lukasz-
dc.contributor.authorSzymon, Skoczyński-
dc.contributor.authorFroes, Felipe-
dc.contributor.authorLeuschner, Pedro-
dc.contributor.authorMeireles, Mariana-
dc.contributor.authorFerrão, Cláudia-
dc.contributor.authorBarimboim, Enrique-
dc.contributor.authorNeves, João-
dc.contributor.authorRavara, Sofia B-
dc.contributor.authorBrocovschii, Victoria-
dc.contributor.authorIon, Chesov-
dc.contributor.authorRusu, Doina-
dc.contributor.authorToma, Cristina-
dc.contributor.authorChirita, Daniela-
dc.contributor.authorDorobat, Carmen Mihaela-
dc.contributor.authorBirkun, Alexei-
dc.contributor.authorKaluzhenina, Anna-
dc.contributor.authorCaeiro, Juan Pablo-
dc.contributor.authorAlmotairi, Abdullah-
dc.contributor.authorBukhary, Zakeya Abdulbaqi Ali-
dc.contributor.authorEdathodu, Jameela-
dc.contributor.authorFathy, Amal-
dc.contributor.authorMushira Abdulaziz Enani, Abdullah-
dc.contributor.authorEltayeb Mohamed, Nazik-
dc.contributor.authorUlhadi Memon, Jawed-
dc.contributor.authorBella, Abdelhaleem-
dc.contributor.authorBogdanović, Nada-
dc.contributor.authorMilenkovic, Branislava-
dc.contributor.authorGarzón, María I-
dc.contributor.authorPesut, Dragica-
dc.date2018-11-03-
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-26T00:51:16Z-
dc.date.available2018-11-26T00:51:16Z-
dc.date.issued2018-11-03-
dc.identifier.citationEuropean journal of internal medicine 2018; online first: 3 November-
dc.identifier.urihttp://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/19897-
dc.description.abstractWho should be tested for viruses in patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP), prevalence and risk factors for viral CAP are still debated. We evaluated the frequency of viral testing, virus prevalence, risk factors and treatment coverage with oseltamivir in patients admitted for CAP. Secondary analysis of GLIMP, an international, multicenter, point-prevalence study of hospitalized adults with CAP. Testing frequency, prevalence of viral CAP and treatment with oseltamivir were assessed among patients who underwent a viral swab. Univariate and multivariate analysis was used to evaluate risk factors. 553 (14.9%) patients with CAP underwent nasal swab. Viral CAP was diagnosed in 157 (28.4%) patients. Influenza virus was isolated in 80.9% of cases. Testing frequency and viral CAP prevalence were inhomogeneous across the participating centers. Obesity (OR 1.59, 95%CI: 1.01-2.48; p = 0.043) and need for invasive mechanical ventilation (OR 1.62, 95%CI: 1.02-2.56; p = 0.040) were independently associated with viral CAP. Prevalence of empirical treatment with oseltamivir was 5.1%. In an international scenario, testing frequency for viruses in CAP is very low. The most common cause of viral CAP is Influenza virus. Obesity and need for invasive ventilation represent independent risk factors for viral CAP. Adherence to recommendations for treatment with oseltamivir is poor.-
dc.language.isoeng-
dc.subjectCommunity acquired pneumonia-
dc.subjectInfluenza-
dc.subjectOseltamivir-
dc.subjectTesting-
dc.subjectViral pneumonia-
dc.subjectViral swab-
dc.titleAn international perspective on hospitalized patients with viral community-acquired pneumonia.-
dc.typeJournal Article-
dc.identifier.journaltitleEuropean journal of internal medicine-
dc.identifier.affiliationDivision of Infectious Diseases, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Raymond G. Murphy VA Medical Center, 1501 San Pedro SE Albuquerque, NM 87108, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationClement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, 5000 W. National Ave Milwaukee, WI 53295, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity of Palermo, Pneumologia DiBiMIS, Palermo, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Respiratory Medicine, Hospital de Sabadell, Institut Universitari Parc Taulí-UAB, Sabadell, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationCIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, CIBERES, Bunyola, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationMicrobiology Department and Pneumology Department, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Institut d'Investigació Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversitat Autònoma de Barcelona, CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationInfectious Disease Unit, Affiliated to Tel Aviv University, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israelen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, Hadassah-Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israelen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences (DIBIC), University of Milan, Section of Respiratory Diseases, Ospedale L. Sacco, ASST Fatebenefratelli-Sacco, Milan, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationClinical Epidemiology and Medical Statistics Unit, Department of Medical, Surgical and Experimental Medicine, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationSchool of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Department for Respiratory Diseases Jordanovac, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Croatiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pulmonary Medicine, JSS Medical College, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Indiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDirección de Procesos Asistenciales, Servicio de Neumología, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC), Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC), Estructura Organizativa de Xestion Integrada (EOXI) de A Coruña, SERGAS, Universidade da Coruña (UDC), A Coruña, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationSouth Texas Veterans Health Care System and University of Texas Health, San Antonio, TX, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, Internal Medicine Department, Respiratory Unit and Cystic Fibrosis Adult Center, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Health Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; Department of Health Sciences, University of Milan, Respiratory Unit, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationServei de Pneumologia, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, IIB-Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationRespiratory Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Muñiz, Buenos Aires, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr Negrín, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmology Department, Hospital of Galdakao-Usansolo, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Universitari Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationIntensive Care Medicine, Hospital de Mataró, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationDivision of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africaen
dc.identifier.affiliationInje Univ. Seoul Paik Hospital, South Koreaen
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmonology and Infectious Diseases Service/University hospital of Sylvanus Olympio, Lomé, Togoen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pneumology, Hospital of Internal Forces Security (I.F.S), Marsa, Tunis, Tunisiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, Internal Medicine Department, Respiratory Unit and Cystic Fibrosis Adult Center, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: stefano.aliberti@unimi.iten
dc.identifier.affiliationIzmir Dr. Suat Seren Training and Research Hospital for Thoracic Medicine and Surgery, Izmir, Turkiyeen
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmonary Medicine, Istanbul Bilim University, Istanbul, Turkiyeen
dc.identifier.affiliationInfectious Diseases Ward, Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos "Vicente Lopez y Planes" from General Rodriguez, Buenos Aires, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationSuat Seren Chest Disease and Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkiyeen
dc.identifier.affiliationVinnitsa National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnitsa regional antituberculosis hospital, Vinnitsa, Ukraineen
dc.identifier.affiliationDubai Hospital, United Arab Emiratesen
dc.identifier.affiliationVictoria Hospital, Kirkcaldy, NHS Fife, UKen
dc.identifier.affiliationRhiannon Ions, Julie Skeemer and Gerrit Woltmann, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust and University of Leicester, Leicester, UKen
dc.identifier.affiliationRoyal Respiratory Research Team, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UKen
dc.identifier.affiliationRoyal Infirmary and University of Edinburgh, UKen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Microbiology, Universidad de La Sabana, Chia, Colombiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationThe Royal London Hospital, Barts Health Trust, London, UKen
dc.identifier.affiliationHairmyres Hospital, Eaglesham Road, East Kilbride, G75 8RG, UKen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Respiratory Medicine, St James's Hospital, Leeds, LS9 7TF, UKen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital El Cruce - Alta Complejidad en Red, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationSouthport and Ormskirk Hospitals NHS Trust, UKen
dc.identifier.affiliationImperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UKen
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationTexas A&M Health Science Center, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine Baylor Scott & White Health, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationFargo VA Health Care System, Fargo, North Dakota, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Alfredo Lanari, Buenos Aires, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDivision of Hospital Medicine, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliation7th Resp. Med. Dept and Asthma Center, Athens Chest Hospital, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center and School of Medicine, Duke Clinical Research Institute, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pulmonary Diseases, Critical Care & Environmental Medicine, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Bernardo Houssay, Vicente López, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDivision of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL 60611, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationJohn Peter Smith Hospital, Fort Worth, TX 76104, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationInterstitial Lung Disease Programand Pulmonary Rehabilitation,SUNY Stony Brook Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 115501, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Hospital Medicine Group, University of Colorado, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationHenry Ford Hospital, Detroit, IL, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationInternal Medicine Department, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20122 Milano, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmonary/Critical Care Medicine VA Caribbean Healthcare System, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationTulane University, New Orleans, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationDivisions of Hospital Medicine & Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationKaweah Delta Health Care District, Department of Emergency Medicine, Visalia, CA, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationNorthwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USAen
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmonary Medicine Division, Department of Medicine, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Internal Medicine, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Division of Infectious Diseases, Luigi Sacco Hospital, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Nuestra Señora del Carmen, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Zonal Especializado de Agudos y Crónicos Dr. Antonio A. Cetrangolo, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmonary rehabilitation, IRCCS Fondazione Maugeri, 27100 Pavia, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationInfectious Diseases and Infection Control Department, Buenos Aires, Clinica Privada Monte Grande, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital San Roque, Córdoba, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationInfectious Diseases Department, Hospital D.F. Santojanni, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationHZGA Mi Pueblo, Florencio Varela, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of General Medicine, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDivision of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department of Medicine I, Medical University of Vienna, Austriaen
dc.identifier.affiliationZNA Campus Stuivenberg, Antwerp, Belgiumen
dc.identifier.affiliationAnesthesia and critical care department, Erasme university hospital, Brussels, Belgiumen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Respiratory Medicine, Ghent University Hospital, Belgiumen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Intensive Care, Erasme University Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgiumen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pulmunology, University Hospital, Trieste, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationJules Bashi and Roger Dodo, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire HKM of Cotonou, Beninen
dc.identifier.affiliationFederal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazilen
dc.identifier.affiliationClinic of Pulmonary Diseases, Military Medical Academy, Sofia, Bulgariaen
dc.identifier.affiliationUMHAT "St. Marina", Varna, Bulgariaen
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity Hospital Varna, Bulgariaen
dc.identifier.affiliationYaounde Jamot Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroonen
dc.identifier.affiliationDépartement de Médecine Interne, University of Yaounde, Yaoundé, Cameroonen
dc.identifier.affiliationDouala General Hospital, Douala, Cameroonen
dc.identifier.affiliationRespiratory Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, Chinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Respiratory Medicine, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University, Chinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Health Sciences, Clinic of Infectious Disease, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationClinica Shaio, Bogota, Colombiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationLas Americas Clinic, Medellin, Colombiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationCliniques Universitaires de Kinshasa, DR, Congoen
dc.identifier.affiliationInterne Medicine, Dubrovnik, Croatiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationMedical School, University of Zagreb, Department for Respiratory Diseases Jordanovac, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity Hospital Dubrava, Zagreb, Croatiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationKarlovac general hospital, Karlovac, Croatiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationEmergency Department in North Zealand´s Hospital -, Hillerød, Denmarken
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Anaethesiology, Viborg Region Hospital, Denmarken
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pulmonology, Naestved Hospital, Denmarken
dc.identifier.affiliationInterventional Pneumology, Hospital Antonio Cardarelli, Naples, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Internal Medicine, Roskilde Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, Roskilde, Denmarken
dc.identifier.affiliationGertrud Baunbæk-knudsen, Pelle Trier Petersen and Stine Andersen, Department of Lung- and Infectious Diseases, Nordsjællands Hospital-Hillerød, Denmarken
dc.identifier.affiliationThoracic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypten
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypten
dc.identifier.affiliationChest diseases department, Alexandria University, Egypten
dc.identifier.affiliationChest Diseases Department, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypten
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Medical Laboratory Science and Pathology, College of Health sciences, Mycobacteriology Research Centre, Institute of Biotechnology Research, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationCritical care Unit, Robert Ballanger Hospital, Aulnay sous Bois, Franceen
dc.identifier.affiliationUniv Hospital Henri Mondor, 94000 Créteil, Franceen
dc.identifier.affiliationIntensive care unit, Hôpital Delafontaine, Centre hospitalier de Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, Franceen
dc.identifier.affiliationUOC Pneumologia P.O. San Filippo Neri ASL RM E Roma, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationUnité de réanimation médico-chirurgicale, Pôle Thorax Voies aériennes, Hôpital Tenon, Groupe Hospitalier Est Parisien, Franceen
dc.identifier.affiliationPublique-Hôpital de Paris, Service de Réanimation Médico-chirurgicale, Hôpital Louis Mourier, Colombes, France, and Université Paris Diderot, IAME, UMR 1137, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, Franceen
dc.identifier.affiliationInfectious Diseases & ICU, Pontchaillou University Hospital, Rennes, Franceen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Emergency Medicine & Critical Care, University of Franche - Comté, Medical Center, Franceen
dc.identifier.affiliationMedical Research Council Unit, Gambiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Cardiology, Pneumology, Vascular Medicine and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Aachen, Aachen, Germanyen
dc.identifier.affiliationDivision of Pulmonology, Medical Department I, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Germanyen
dc.identifier.affiliationKlinikum Niederlausitz GmbH, Klinik für Innere Medizin und Intensivmedizin, Senftenberg, Germanyen
dc.identifier.affiliationCenter for Infectious Diseases and Infection Control, Jena University Hospital, Germanyen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Molecular and Infectious Diseases, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germanyen
dc.identifier.affiliationRespiratory Diseases clinic, Policlinico di Modena, 41124 Modena, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationZentrum für Pneumologie, Agaplesion Diakonieklinikum Rotenburg, Germanyen
dc.identifier.affiliationInternal Medicine Department, Pulmonary rehabilitation and Department of Health, School of Medicine, University Witten-Herdecke, St.Remigius-Hospital, Leverkusen, Germanyen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Infectious Disease and Respiratory Medicine, Charité - University Medicine, Berlin, Germanyen
dc.identifier.affiliationKomfo-Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghanaen
dc.identifier.affiliation5th Respiratory Medicine Dpt, ''SOTIRIA" Chest Hospital, Athens 11527, Greeceen
dc.identifier.affiliationMedical Group of Athens (Paleo Faliro Clinic), Athens, Greeceen
dc.identifier.affiliationAgioi Anargiroi Hospital, Kifissia, Athens, Greeceen
dc.identifier.affiliationIntensive Care Unit, "G. Papanikolaou" General Hospital of Thessaloniki, Greeceen
dc.identifier.affiliationS.S. Hospital IMS BHU, Varanasi, Indiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationFortis Hospitals, Kolkata, Indiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationUOC Fisiopatologia e Riabilitazione Respiratoria AO Ospedali dei Colli PO Monaldi, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pulmonary Medicine, St. John's Medical College Hospital, Bangalore 560034, Indiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Respiratory Medicine, King George's Medical University UP, Lucknow, Indiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Internal & Pulmonary Medicine, SheriKashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Indiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pulmonary Medicine, JSS Medical College, JSS University, Mysore, Indiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College Kozhikode, Kerala, Indiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationColumbia Asia Hospital, Hebbal, Bengaluru, Karnataka, Indiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Respiratory Medicine, King George's Medical University, Chowk, Lucknow 226003, Uttar Pradesh, Indiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationGetwell Hospital & Research Institute, Dhantoli, Nagpur, Indiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationon behalf of the Respiratory Research Network of India (RRNI) from the Chest Research Foundation in Pune, Indiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationIsfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iranen
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmonary Medicine Unit, San Martino Hospital, ASL 5 Oristano, Sardegna, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationLetterkenny General Hospital, Co. Donegal, Irelanden
dc.identifier.affiliationMultidisciplinary Intensive Care Research Organization (MICRO), St James's University Hospital, Trinity Centre for Health Sciences Dublin, Irelanden
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Cardiac-Thoracic-Vascular and Intensive Care Medicine, Pneumology Unit, IRCCS- Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, Reggio Emilia, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Luis Lago maggiore, Mendoza, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationAzienda Ospedaliera Sant Anna di Como, Presidio Ospedale S. Anna Nuovo, Unità Operativa di Pneumologia, Como, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationAlma Mater University of Bologna, DIMES, Respiratory and Critical Care Unit Sant'Orsola Malpighi Hospital, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationRespiratory Unit, Versilia Hospital, Azienda USL 12 Viareggio, Lido di Camaiore, Lucca, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationEmergency Medicine Unit, S. Andrea Hospital, Vercelli, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationInternal Medicine Department, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria S. Maria della Misericordia, Udine, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmonology Unit, A.O. Sant'Anna di Como, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationSpedali Civili Brescia, U.O. Pneumologia e Fisiopatologia Respiratoria, Brescia, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationULSS 18 Rovigo, Ospedale San Luca, 45027 Trecenta (RO), Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationFondazione Salvatore Maugeri, IRCCS, Cassano Murge, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationAllergology and Clinical Immunology Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, Battipaglia Hospital, Battipaglia, Salerno, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Central de Mendoza, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationGeriatrics, Unit of Respiratory Pathophysiology and Thoracic Endoscopy, Campus Bio Medico University and Teaching Hospital, Rome, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationUO Pneumologia, Ospedale Pederzoli, Peschiera del Garda, Italyen
dc.identifier.affiliationYokohama City University Medical Center, Japanen
dc.identifier.affiliationMedicine school, St Joseph University, Beyrouth, Lebanonen
dc.identifier.affiliationNational Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Mexicoen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital General de Mexicali, Mexicali, Baja California, Mexicoen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Universitario Monterrey, n. l. México CP 64030, Mexicoen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital for Lung Diseases - Brezovik, Niksic, Montenegroen
dc.identifier.affiliationDept. Clinical Pharmacy, St. Antonius Hospital, Utrecht/Nieuwegein, The Netherlandsen
dc.identifier.affiliationInternal Medicine, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Nepalen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Privado Universitario, Córdoba, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationOxford University Clinical Research Unit, Patan Hospital, Nepalen
dc.identifier.affiliationMedical Research Institute of New Zealand, New Zealanden
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Family Medicine & Primary Care, Lily Hospitals Limited, Warri, Nigeriaen
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeriaen
dc.identifier.affiliationOlabisi Onabanjo University teaching hospital, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeriaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Medicine (Pulmonary Unit), University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeriaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeriaen
dc.identifier.affiliationSection of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistanen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Lung Diseases and Tuberculosis, Medical University of Bialystok, Polanden
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pneumology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Institute of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, Sosnowiec, Polanden
dc.identifier.affiliationV.H. Dr Cazaux A. Servicio de Neumologia, Hospital Rawson, Córdoba, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Pulido Valente - CHLN, Lisboa, Portugalen
dc.identifier.affiliationCentro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugalen
dc.identifier.affiliationServiço de Medicina, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Largo Prof. Abel Salazar, 4099-001 Porto, Portugalen
dc.identifier.affiliationFaculty of Health Sciences, University of Beira Interior; Cova da Beira Hospital Center, 6200-251 Covilhã, Portugalen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pneumology & Allergology, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu", Moldaviaen
dc.identifier.affiliationClinic of Anesthesia and Intensive Care "Valeriu Ghrerg", Institute of Emergency Medicine, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu", Chisinau, Moldaviaen
dc.identifier.affiliationSMFU "N.Testemitanu", Chisinau, Moldaviaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pneumology & Allergology, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu", Chisinau, Moldaviaen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Sfantul Stefan, Bucharest, Romaniaen
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversitatea de Medicină şi Farmacie "Gr. T. Popa" I a ş i Facultatea de Medicină Stomatologică, Spitalul Clinic de Boli Infecţioase "Sfânta Parascheva" I a ş i str. Octav Botez, nr. 2, 700116 Iaşi, Romaniaen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Nacional Prof Alejandro Posadas, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Emergency Medicine, Medical Academy named after S. I. Georgievsky, Russiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationVolgograd State Medical University, Russiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationKing Fahad medical City (KFMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationCollege of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationAl Faisal University, King Faisal Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmonary and respiratory critical care Medicine, Mansoura University Egypt, Affiliate at Taibah University, Saudi Arabiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationInfectious Diseases Section, Medical Specialties Department, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmonology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Al Ahasa, 31982, Saudi Arabiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationDammam University-Saudi Arabia and King Fahad Hospital, Saudi Arabiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationPulmonary department of KHC Dr.Dragiša Mišović, Belgrade, Serbiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationFlorencia Lascar and Fernando Di Tulio, Critical Care Unit and Respiratory Medicine, Buenos Aires British Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationClinic for Pulmonary Diseases, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity of Belgrade School of Medicine, Teaching Hospital of Pulmonology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationRespiratory and Sleep Unit, Hospital San Jorge, Huesca, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationBarcelona Policlínic and Moises Broggi Hospital at sant Joan Despí, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationSant Hospital Seu de Urgell, Catalonia, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Pneumology, Institut Clinic del Tórax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona (UB), Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Complex of Pontevedra, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationMedicina Interna, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Respiratory Medicine, Hospital Costa del Sol, Marbella, Málaga, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital General Alvear, Ciudad, Mendoza, Argentinaen
dc.identifier.affiliationEmergency Department, Hospital Universitario Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital General Universitario de Alicante, Alicante, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Mollet, Barcelona, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity Hospital Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Madriden
dc.identifier.affiliationPneumology Service, Universitary and Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationHospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Area de Gestion Clinica de Pulmon. Servicio de Neumologia, Oviedo, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationCritical Care Department, Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spainen
dc.identifier.affiliationServicio de Neumología, Consorci Hospital General Universitari de Valencia, Valencia, Spainen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ejim.2018.10.020-
dc.identifier.pubmedid30401576-
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