Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/19897
Title: An international perspective on hospitalized patients with viral community-acquired pneumonia.
Authors: Radovanovic, Dejan;Sotgiu, Giovanni;Jankovic, Mateja;Mahesh, Padukudru Anand;Marcos, Pedro Jorge;Abdalla, Mohamed I;Di Pasquale, Marta Francesca;Gramegna, Andrea;Terraneo, Silvia;Blasi, Francesco;Santus, Pierachille;Borderìas, Luis;Bordon Garcia, Noel Manuel;Cabello Alarcón, Hugo;Cilloniz, Catia;Torres, Antoni;Diaz-Brito, Vicens;Casas, Xavier;Encabo González, Alicia;Fernández-Almira, Maria Luisa;Cambursano, Victor Hugo;Jayaraj, B S;Gallego, Miguel;Gaspar-GarcÍa, Inmaculada;González Del Castillo, Juan;Javaloyes Victoria, Patricia;Laserna Martínez, Elena;Malo de Molina, Rosa;Menéndez, Rosario;Pando-Sandoval, Ana;Prat Aymerich, Cristina;Lacoma de la Torre, Alicia;Narayan, Kiran Vishnu;Ceccato, Adrian;García-Olivé, Ignasi;Rello, Jordi;Moyano, Silvia;Sanz, Francisco;Sibila, Oriol;Rodrigo-Troyano, Ana;Solé-Violán, Jordi;Uranga, Ane;van Boven, Job F M;Udnur, Hirennappa B;Vendrell Torra, Ester;Chertcoff, Julio;Pujol, Jordi Almirall;Feldman, Charles;Kee Yum, Ho;Fiogbe, Arnauld Attannon;Yangui, Ferdaous;Bilaceroglu, Semra;Dalar, Levent;Yilmaz, Ufuk;Krishnamurthy, Shashi Bhaskara;Bogomolov, Artemii;Elahi, Naheed;Cordon Díaz, Ariel;Dhasmana, Devesh J;Feneley, Andrew;Hancock, Carole;Hill, Adam T;Rudran, Banu;Ruiz-Buitrago, Silvia;Campbell, Marion;Kant, Surya;Whitaker, Paul;Youzguin, Alexander;Singanayagam, Anika;de Vedia, Lautaro;Allen, Karen S;Brito, Veronica;Dietz, Jessica;Dysart, Claire E;Kellie, Susan M;Franco-Sadud, Ricardo A;Swarnakar, Rajesh;Meier, Garnet;Gaga, Mina;Holland, Thomas L;Bergin, Stephen P;Ganaha, Maria Cristina;Kheir, Fayez;Landmeier, Mark;Lois, Manuel;Nair, Girish B;Patel, Hemali;Salvi, Sundeep;Reyes, Katherine;Rodriguez-Cintron, William;Saito, Shigeki;Soni, Nilam J;Noda, Julio;Lambert, Sandra;Hinojosa, Cecilia I;Levine, Stephanie M;Angel, Luis F;Anzueto, Antonio;Limaye, Sneha;Scott Whitlow, K;Hipskind, John;Sukhija, Kunal;Totten, Vicken;Wunderink, Richard G;Shah, Ray D;Lopardo, Gustavo;Mateyo, Kondwelani John;Carugati, Manuela;Morosi, Manuela;Golshani, Keihan;Monge, Elisa;Luna, Carlos M;Malberti, Alessio Gerardo;Morcillo, Nora;Tartara, Silvina;Pensotti, Claudia;Pereyra, Betiana;Scapellato, Pablo Gustavo;Stagnaro, Juan Pablo;Shah, Sonali;Keatings, Vera M;Lötsch, Felix;Thalhammer, Florian;Anseeuw, Kurt;Francois, Camille A;Van Braeckel, Eva;Vincent, Jean Louis;Djimon, Marcel Zannou;Aranha Nouér, Simone;Chipev, Peter;Encheva, Milena;Aliberti, Stefano;Miteva, Darina;Petkova, Diana;Balkissou, Adamou Dodo;Pefura Yone, Eric Walter;Mbatchou Ngahane, Bertrand Hugo;Shen, Ning;Xu, Jin-Fu;Bustamante Rico, Carlos Andres;Buitrago, Ricardo;Pereira Paternina, Fernando Jose;Martin-Loeches, Ignacio;Kayembe Ntumba, Jean-Marie;Vladic-Carevic, Vesna;Jakopovic, Marko;Matkovic, Zinka;Mitrecic, Ivan;Bouchy Jacobsson, Marie-Laure;Bro Christensen, Anette;Heitmann Bødtger, Uffe Christian;Meyer, Christian Niels;Vestergaard Jensen, Andreas;Maor, Yasmin;El-Said Abd El-Wahhab, Ibrahim;Elsayed Morsy, Nesreen;Shafiek, Hanaa;Sobh, Eman;Abdulsemed, Kedir Abdella;Bertrand, Fabrice;Brun-Buisson, Christian;de Montmollin, Etienne;Fartoukh, Muriel;Messika, Jonathan;Strahilevitz, Jacob;Tattevin, Pierre;Khoury, Abdo;Ebruke, Bernard;Dreher, Michael;Kolditz, Martin;Meisinger, Matthias;Pletz, Mathias W;Hagel, Stefan;Rupp, Jan;Schaberg, Tom;Battaglia, Salvatore;Spielmanns, Marc;Creutz, Petra;Suttorp, Norton;Siaw-Lartey, Beatrice;Dimakou, Katerina;Papapetrou, Dimosthenis;Tsigou, Evdoxia;Ampazis, Dimitrios;Kaimakamis, Evangelos;Bhatia, Mohit;Carrabba, Maria;Dhar, Raja;D'Souza, George;Garg, Rajiv;Koul, Parvaiz A;Ceriana, Piero;Confalonieri, Marco;d'Arminio Monforte, Antonella;Del Prato, Bruno;De Rosa, Marino;Reyes, Luis F;Fantini, Riccardo;Fiorentino, Giuseppe;Gammino, Maria Antonia;Menzella, Francesco;Milani, Giuseppe;Nava, Stefano;Palmiero, Gerardo;Petrino, Roberta;Gabrielli, Barbra;Rossi, Paolo;Restrepo, Marcos I;Sorino, Claudio;Steinhilber, Gundi;Zanforlin, Alessandro;Franzetti, Fabio;Carone, Mauro;Patella, Vincenzo;Scarlata, Simone;Comel, Andrea;Kurahashi, Kiyoyasu;Aoun Bacha, Zeina;Aruj, Patricia Karina;Barajas Ugalde, Daniel;Ceballos Zuñiga, Omar;Villegas, José F;Medenica, Milic;van de Garde, E M W;Raj Mihsra, Deebya;Shrestha, Poojan;Ridgeon, Elliott;Ishola Awokola, Babatunde;Nwankwo, Ogonna N O;Attorri, Silvia;Olufunlola, Adefuye Bolanle;Olumide, Segaolu;Ukwaja, Kingsley N;Irfan, Muhammad;Minarowski, Lukasz;Szymon, Skoczyński;Froes, Felipe;Leuschner, Pedro;Meireles, Mariana;Ferrão, Cláudia;Barimboim, Enrique;Neves, João;Ravara, Sofia B;Brocovschii, Victoria;Ion, Chesov;Rusu, Doina;Toma, Cristina;Chirita, Daniela;Dorobat, Carmen Mihaela;Birkun, Alexei;Kaluzhenina, Anna;Caeiro, Juan Pablo;Almotairi, Abdullah;Bukhary, Zakeya Abdulbaqi Ali;Edathodu, Jameela;Fathy, Amal;Mushira Abdulaziz Enani, Abdullah;Eltayeb Mohamed, Nazik;Ulhadi Memon, Jawed;Bella, Abdelhaleem;Bogdanović, Nada;Milenkovic, Branislava;Garzón, María I;Pesut, Dragica
Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Raymond G. Murphy VA Medical Center, 1501 San Pedro SE Albuquerque, NM 87108, USA
Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, 5000 W. National Ave Milwaukee, WI 53295, USA
University of Palermo, Pneumologia DiBiMIS, Palermo, Italy
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hospital de Sabadell, Institut Universitari Parc Taulí-UAB, Sabadell, Spain
CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, CIBERES, Bunyola, Spain
Microbiology Department and Pneumology Department, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Institut d'Investigació Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain
Infectious Disease Unit, Affiliated to Tel Aviv University, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel
Department of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, Hadassah-Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences (DIBIC), University of Milan, Section of Respiratory Diseases, Ospedale L. Sacco, ASST Fatebenefratelli-Sacco, Milan, Italy
Clinical Epidemiology and Medical Statistics Unit, Department of Medical, Surgical and Experimental Medicine, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Department for Respiratory Diseases Jordanovac, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Croatia
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, JSS Medical College, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, India
Dirección de Procesos Asistenciales, Servicio de Neumología, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC), Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC), Estructura Organizativa de Xestion Integrada (EOXI) de A Coruña, SERGAS, Universidade da Coruña (UDC), A Coruña, Spain
South Texas Veterans Health Care System and University of Texas Health, San Antonio, TX, USA
Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, Internal Medicine Department, Respiratory Unit and Cystic Fibrosis Adult Center, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy
Department of Health Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; Department of Health Sciences, University of Milan, Respiratory Unit, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, IIB-Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain
Respiratory Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Muñiz, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr Negrín, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
Pulmology Department, Hospital of Galdakao-Usansolo, Spain
Hospital Universitari Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Intensive Care Medicine, Hospital de Mataró, Spain
Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Inje Univ. Seoul Paik Hospital, South Korea
Pulmonology and Infectious Diseases Service/University hospital of Sylvanus Olympio, Lomé, Togo
Department of Pneumology, Hospital of Internal Forces Security (I.F.S), Marsa, Tunis, Tunisia
Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, Internal Medicine Department, Respiratory Unit and Cystic Fibrosis Adult Center, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: stefano.aliberti@unimi.it
Izmir Dr. Suat Seren Training and Research Hospital for Thoracic Medicine and Surgery, Izmir, Turkiye
Pulmonary Medicine, Istanbul Bilim University, Istanbul, Turkiye
Infectious Diseases Ward, Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos "Vicente Lopez y Planes" from General Rodriguez, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Suat Seren Chest Disease and Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkiye
Vinnitsa National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnitsa regional antituberculosis hospital, Vinnitsa, Ukraine
Dubai Hospital, United Arab Emirates
Victoria Hospital, Kirkcaldy, NHS Fife, UK
Rhiannon Ions, Julie Skeemer and Gerrit Woltmann, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust and University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
Royal Respiratory Research Team, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
Royal Infirmary and University of Edinburgh, UK
Department of Microbiology, Universidad de La Sabana, Chia, Colombia
The Royal London Hospital, Barts Health Trust, London, UK
Hairmyres Hospital, Eaglesham Road, East Kilbride, G75 8RG, UK
Department of Respiratory Medicine, St James's Hospital, Leeds, LS9 7TF, UK
Hospital El Cruce - Alta Complejidad en Red, Argentina
Southport and Ormskirk Hospitals NHS Trust, UK
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, USA
Texas A&M Health Science Center, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine Baylor Scott & White Health, USA
Fargo VA Health Care System, Fargo, North Dakota, USA
Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Alfredo Lanari, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Division of Hospital Medicine, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, USA
7th Resp. Med. Dept and Asthma Center, Athens Chest Hospital, USA
Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center and School of Medicine, Duke Clinical Research Institute, USA
Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Critical Care & Environmental Medicine, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA
Hospital Bernardo Houssay, Vicente López, Argentina
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
John Peter Smith Hospital, Fort Worth, TX 76104, USA
Interstitial Lung Disease Programand Pulmonary Rehabilitation,SUNY Stony Brook Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 115501, USA
Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Hospital Medicine Group, University of Colorado, USA
Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, IL, USA
Internal Medicine Department, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20122 Milano, Italy
Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine VA Caribbean Healthcare System, USA
Tulane University, New Orleans, USA
Divisions of Hospital Medicine & Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA
Kaweah Delta Health Care District, Department of Emergency Medicine, Visalia, CA, USA
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA
Pulmonary Medicine Division, Department of Medicine, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Department of Internal Medicine, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia
Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Division of Infectious Diseases, Luigi Sacco Hospital, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
Hospital Nuestra Señora del Carmen, Argentina
Hospital Zonal Especializado de Agudos y Crónicos Dr. Antonio A. Cetrangolo, Argentina
Pulmonary rehabilitation, IRCCS Fondazione Maugeri, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Infectious Diseases and Infection Control Department, Buenos Aires, Clinica Privada Monte Grande, Argentina
Hospital San Roque, Córdoba, Argentina
Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital D.F. Santojanni, Argentina
HZGA Mi Pueblo, Florencio Varela, Argentina
Department of General Medicine, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department of Medicine I, Medical University of Vienna, Austria
ZNA Campus Stuivenberg, Antwerp, Belgium
Anesthesia and critical care department, Erasme university hospital, Brussels, Belgium
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Ghent University Hospital, Belgium
Department of Intensive Care, Erasme University Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
Department of Pulmunology, University Hospital, Trieste, Italy
Jules Bashi and Roger Dodo, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire HKM of Cotonou, Benin
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Clinic of Pulmonary Diseases, Military Medical Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria
UMHAT "St. Marina", Varna, Bulgaria
University Hospital Varna, Bulgaria
Yaounde Jamot Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon
Département de Médecine Interne, University of Yaounde, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Douala General Hospital, Douala, Cameroon
Respiratory Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University, China
Department of Health Sciences, Clinic of Infectious Disease, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
Clinica Shaio, Bogota, Colombia
Las Americas Clinic, Medellin, Colombia
Cliniques Universitaires de Kinshasa, DR, Congo
Interne Medicine, Dubrovnik, Croatia
Medical School, University of Zagreb, Department for Respiratory Diseases Jordanovac, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
University Hospital Dubrava, Zagreb, Croatia
Karlovac general hospital, Karlovac, Croatia
Emergency Department in North Zealand´s Hospital -, Hillerød, Denmark
Department of Anaethesiology, Viborg Region Hospital, Denmark
Department of Pulmonology, Naestved Hospital, Denmark
Interventional Pneumology, Hospital Antonio Cardarelli, Naples, Italy
Department of Internal Medicine, Roskilde Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, Roskilde, Denmark
Gertrud Baunbæk-knudsen, Pelle Trier Petersen and Stine Andersen, Department of Lung- and Infectious Diseases, Nordsjællands Hospital-Hillerød, Denmark
Thoracic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt
Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Chest diseases department, Alexandria University, Egypt
Chest Diseases Department, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Pathology, College of Health sciences, Mycobacteriology Research Centre, Institute of Biotechnology Research, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Critical care Unit, Robert Ballanger Hospital, Aulnay sous Bois, France
Univ Hospital Henri Mondor, 94000 Créteil, France
Intensive care unit, Hôpital Delafontaine, Centre hospitalier de Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, France
UOC Pneumologia P.O. San Filippo Neri ASL RM E Roma, Italy
Unité de réanimation médico-chirurgicale, Pôle Thorax Voies aériennes, Hôpital Tenon, Groupe Hospitalier Est Parisien, France
Publique-Hôpital de Paris, Service de Réanimation Médico-chirurgicale, Hôpital Louis Mourier, Colombes, France, and Université Paris Diderot, IAME, UMR 1137, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France
Infectious Diseases & ICU, Pontchaillou University Hospital, Rennes, France
Department of Emergency Medicine & Critical Care, University of Franche - Comté, Medical Center, France
Medical Research Council Unit, Gambia
Department of Cardiology, Pneumology, Vascular Medicine and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Aachen, Aachen, Germany
Division of Pulmonology, Medical Department I, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
Klinikum Niederlausitz GmbH, Klinik für Innere Medizin und Intensivmedizin, Senftenberg, Germany
Center for Infectious Diseases and Infection Control, Jena University Hospital, Germany
Department of Molecular and Infectious Diseases, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany
Respiratory Diseases clinic, Policlinico di Modena, 41124 Modena, Italy
Zentrum für Pneumologie, Agaplesion Diakonieklinikum Rotenburg, Germany
Internal Medicine Department, Pulmonary rehabilitation and Department of Health, School of Medicine, University Witten-Herdecke, St.Remigius-Hospital, Leverkusen, Germany
Department of Infectious Disease and Respiratory Medicine, Charité - University Medicine, Berlin, Germany
Komfo-Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana
5th Respiratory Medicine Dpt, ''SOTIRIA" Chest Hospital, Athens 11527, Greece
Medical Group of Athens (Paleo Faliro Clinic), Athens, Greece
Agioi Anargiroi Hospital, Kifissia, Athens, Greece
Intensive Care Unit, "G. Papanikolaou" General Hospital of Thessaloniki, Greece
S.S. Hospital IMS BHU, Varanasi, India
Fortis Hospitals, Kolkata, India
UOC Fisiopatologia e Riabilitazione Respiratoria AO Ospedali dei Colli PO Monaldi, Italy
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, St. John's Medical College Hospital, Bangalore 560034, India
Department of Respiratory Medicine, King George's Medical University UP, Lucknow, India
Department of Internal & Pulmonary Medicine, SheriKashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, India
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, JSS Medical College, JSS University, Mysore, India
Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College Kozhikode, Kerala, India
Columbia Asia Hospital, Hebbal, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Department of Respiratory Medicine, King George's Medical University, Chowk, Lucknow 226003, Uttar Pradesh, India
Getwell Hospital & Research Institute, Dhantoli, Nagpur, India
on behalf of the Respiratory Research Network of India (RRNI) from the Chest Research Foundation in Pune, India
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Pulmonary Medicine Unit, San Martino Hospital, ASL 5 Oristano, Sardegna, Italy
Letterkenny General Hospital, Co. Donegal, Ireland
Multidisciplinary Intensive Care Research Organization (MICRO), St James's University Hospital, Trinity Centre for Health Sciences Dublin, Ireland
Department of Cardiac-Thoracic-Vascular and Intensive Care Medicine, Pneumology Unit, IRCCS- Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, Reggio Emilia, Italy
Hospital Luis Lago maggiore, Mendoza, Argentina
Azienda Ospedaliera Sant Anna di Como, Presidio Ospedale S. Anna Nuovo, Unità Operativa di Pneumologia, Como, Italy
Alma Mater University of Bologna, DIMES, Respiratory and Critical Care Unit Sant'Orsola Malpighi Hospital, Italy
Respiratory Unit, Versilia Hospital, Azienda USL 12 Viareggio, Lido di Camaiore, Lucca, Italy
Emergency Medicine Unit, S. Andrea Hospital, Vercelli, Italy
Internal Medicine Department, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria S. Maria della Misericordia, Udine, Italy
Pulmonology Unit, A.O. Sant'Anna di Como, Italy
Spedali Civili Brescia, U.O. Pneumologia e Fisiopatologia Respiratoria, Brescia, Italy
ULSS 18 Rovigo, Ospedale San Luca, 45027 Trecenta (RO), Italy
Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri, IRCCS, Cassano Murge, Italy
Allergology and Clinical Immunology Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, Battipaglia Hospital, Battipaglia, Salerno, Italy
Hospital Central de Mendoza, Argentina
Geriatrics, Unit of Respiratory Pathophysiology and Thoracic Endoscopy, Campus Bio Medico University and Teaching Hospital, Rome, Italy
UO Pneumologia, Ospedale Pederzoli, Peschiera del Garda, Italy
Yokohama City University Medical Center, Japan
Medicine school, St Joseph University, Beyrouth, Lebanon
National Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Mexico
Hospital General de Mexicali, Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico
Hospital Universitario Monterrey, n. l. México CP 64030, Mexico
Hospital for Lung Diseases - Brezovik, Niksic, Montenegro
Dept. Clinical Pharmacy, St. Antonius Hospital, Utrecht/Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
Internal Medicine, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Nepal
Hospital Privado Universitario, Córdoba, Argentina
Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Patan Hospital, Nepal
Medical Research Institute of New Zealand, New Zealand
Department of Family Medicine & Primary Care, Lily Hospitals Limited, Warri, Nigeria
University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria
Olabisi Onabanjo University teaching hospital, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria
Department of Medicine (Pulmonary Unit), University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
Department of Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
Department of Lung Diseases and Tuberculosis, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
Department of Pneumology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Institute of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, Sosnowiec, Poland
V.H. Dr Cazaux A. Servicio de Neumologia, Hospital Rawson, Córdoba, Argentina
Hospital Pulido Valente - CHLN, Lisboa, Portugal
Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal
Serviço de Medicina, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Largo Prof. Abel Salazar, 4099-001 Porto, Portugal
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Beira Interior; Cova da Beira Hospital Center, 6200-251 Covilhã, Portugal
Department of Pneumology & Allergology, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu", Moldavia
Clinic of Anesthesia and Intensive Care "Valeriu Ghrerg", Institute of Emergency Medicine, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu", Chisinau, Moldavia
SMFU "N.Testemitanu", Chisinau, Moldavia
Department of Pneumology & Allergology, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu", Chisinau, Moldavia
Hospital Sfantul Stefan, Bucharest, Romania
Universitatea de Medicină şi Farmacie "Gr. T. Popa" I a ş i Facultatea de Medicină Stomatologică, Spitalul Clinic de Boli Infecţioase "Sfânta Parascheva" I a ş i str. Octav Botez, nr. 2, 700116 Iaşi, Romania
Hospital Nacional Prof Alejandro Posadas, Argentina
Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Emergency Medicine, Medical Academy named after S. I. Georgievsky, Russia
Volgograd State Medical University, Russia
King Fahad medical City (KFMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
Al Faisal University, King Faisal Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Pulmonary and respiratory critical care Medicine, Mansoura University Egypt, Affiliate at Taibah University, Saudi Arabia
Infectious Diseases Section, Medical Specialties Department, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Pulmonology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Al Ahasa, 31982, Saudi Arabia
Dammam University-Saudi Arabia and King Fahad Hospital, Saudi Arabia
Pulmonary department of KHC Dr.Dragiša Mišović, Belgrade, Serbia
Florencia Lascar and Fernando Di Tulio, Critical Care Unit and Respiratory Medicine, Buenos Aires British Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Clinic for Pulmonary Diseases, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
University of Belgrade School of Medicine, Teaching Hospital of Pulmonology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
Respiratory and Sleep Unit, Hospital San Jorge, Huesca, Spain
Barcelona Policlínic and Moises Broggi Hospital at sant Joan Despí, Spain
Sant Hospital Seu de Urgell, Catalonia, Spain
Department of Pneumology, Institut Clinic del Tórax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona (UB), Spain
Hospital Complex of Pontevedra, Spain
Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Spain
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hospital Costa del Sol, Marbella, Málaga, Spain
Hospital General Alvear, Ciudad, Mendoza, Argentina
Emergency Department, Hospital Universitario Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, Alicante, Spain
Hospital Mollet, Barcelona, Spain
University Hospital Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Madrid
Pneumology Service, Universitary and Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain
Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Area de Gestion Clinica de Pulmon. Servicio de Neumologia, Oviedo, Spain
Critical Care Department, Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
Servicio de Neumología, Consorci Hospital General Universitari de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Issue Date: 3-Nov-2018
EDate: 2018-11-03
Citation: European journal of internal medicine 2018; online first: 3 November
Abstract: Who should be tested for viruses in patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP), prevalence and risk factors for viral CAP are still debated. We evaluated the frequency of viral testing, virus prevalence, risk factors and treatment coverage with oseltamivir in patients admitted for CAP. Secondary analysis of GLIMP, an international, multicenter, point-prevalence study of hospitalized adults with CAP. Testing frequency, prevalence of viral CAP and treatment with oseltamivir were assessed among patients who underwent a viral swab. Univariate and multivariate analysis was used to evaluate risk factors. 553 (14.9%) patients with CAP underwent nasal swab. Viral CAP was diagnosed in 157 (28.4%) patients. Influenza virus was isolated in 80.9% of cases. Testing frequency and viral CAP prevalence were inhomogeneous across the participating centers. Obesity (OR 1.59, 95%CI: 1.01-2.48; p = 0.043) and need for invasive mechanical ventilation (OR 1.62, 95%CI: 1.02-2.56; p = 0.040) were independently associated with viral CAP. Prevalence of empirical treatment with oseltamivir was 5.1%. In an international scenario, testing frequency for viruses in CAP is very low. The most common cause of viral CAP is Influenza virus. Obesity and need for invasive ventilation represent independent risk factors for viral CAP. Adherence to recommendations for treatment with oseltamivir is poor.
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/19897
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejim.2018.10.020
PubMed URL: 30401576
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Community acquired pneumonia
Influenza
Oseltamivir
Testing
Viral pneumonia
Viral swab
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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