Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/18379
Title: Using non-invasive transcranial stimulation to improve motor and cognitive function in Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Goodwill, Alicia M;Lum, Jarrad A G;Hendy, Ashlee M;Muthalib, Makii;Johnson, Liam G;Albein-Urios, Natalia;Teo, Wei-Peng
Affiliation: School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Ballarat, VIC, Australia
Institute for Health and Ageing (IHA), Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Stroke Division, The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Institute for Sports, Exercise and Healthy Living (ISEAL), Victoria University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia
Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), Deakin University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Silverline Research Services, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2017
EDate: 2017-11-01
Citation: Scientific reports 2017; 7(1): 14840
Abstract: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting motor and cognitive abilities. There is no cure for PD, therefore identifying safe therapies to alleviate symptoms remains a priority. This meta-analysis quantified the effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) to improve motor and cognitive dysfunction in PD. PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Scopus, Library of Congress and Cochrane library were searched. 24 rTMS and 9 TES studies (n = 33) with a sham control group were included for analyses. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database and Cochrane Risk of Bias showed high quality (7.5/10) and low bias with included studies respectively. Our results showed an overall positive effect in favour of rTMS (SMD = 0.394, CI [0.106-0.683], p = 0.007) and TES (SMD = 0.611, CI [0.188-1.035], p = 0.005) compared with sham stimulation on motor function, with no significant differences detected between rTMS and TES (Q [1] = 0.69, p = 0.406). Neither rTMS nor TES improved cognition. No effects for stimulation parameters on motor or cognitive function were observed. To enhance the clinical utility of non-invasive brain stimulation (NBS), individual prescription of stimulation parameters based upon symptomology and resting excitability state should be a priority of future research.
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/18379
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-13260-z
ORCID: 0000-0002-4916-049X
0000-0003-3929-9778
PubMed URL: 29093455
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in AHRO are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.