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|Title:||Correlates of post-traumatic growth following childhood and adolescent cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.|
|Authors:||Turner, Jasmin K;Hutchinson, Amanda;Wilson, Carlene|
|Affiliation:||School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia|
School of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Olivia Newton John Cancer Wellness and Research Centre, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
School of Psychology, Social Work & Social Policy, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Flinders Centre for Innovation in Cancer, Flinders University, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia
|Citation:||Psycho-oncology 2018; 27(4): 1100-1109|
|Abstract:||A growing number of children and adolescents are experiencing and surviving cancer. This review aims to identify the demographic, medical, and psychosocial correlates of perceived post-traumatic growth in individuals of any age who were affected by paediatric cancer. Findings will highlight protective factors that may facilitate post-traumatic growth, allowing for directed social support, intervention, and follow-up care. A systematic search based on the key concepts "post-traumatic growth," "neoplasms," and "paediatric" retrieved 905 records from online databases: Embase, Ovid MEDLINE, PILOTS: Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress, PsycINFO, and Web of Science. Eligible studies were appraised as excellent quality with a high level of interrater reliability. The results of 18 studies were synthesised. After the removal of outliers, post-traumatic growth shared small, negative associations with time since diagnosis (r = -0.14) and time since treatment completion (r = -0.19), and small, positive associations with age at diagnosis (r = 0.20), age at survey (r = 0.17), post-traumatic stress symptoms (r = 0.11), and social support (r = 0.25). Post-traumatic growth was positively and moderately associated with optimism (r = 0.31). Several findings were consistent with a comparable meta-analysis in adult oncology populations. Targeted social support, clinical intervention, and education may facilitate post-traumatic growth. Longitudinal research in individuals affected by childhood and adolescent cancer would allow an examination of the effects of predictive variables on post-traumatic growth over time.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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