Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Correlates of post-traumatic growth following childhood and adolescent cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Turner, Jasmin K;Hutchinson, Amanda;Wilson, Carlene
Affiliation: School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
School of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Olivia Newton John Cancer Wellness and Research Centre, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
School of Psychology, Social Work & Social Policy, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Flinders Centre for Innovation in Cancer, Flinders University, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia
Issue Date: Apr-2018
EDate: 2017-11-23
Citation: Psycho-oncology 2018; 27(4): 1100-1109
Abstract: A growing number of children and adolescents are experiencing and surviving cancer. This review aims to identify the demographic, medical, and psychosocial correlates of perceived post-traumatic growth in individuals of any age who were affected by paediatric cancer. Findings will highlight protective factors that may facilitate post-traumatic growth, allowing for directed social support, intervention, and follow-up care. A systematic search based on the key concepts "post-traumatic growth," "neoplasms," and "paediatric" retrieved 905 records from online databases: Embase, Ovid MEDLINE, PILOTS: Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress, PsycINFO, and Web of Science. Eligible studies were appraised as excellent quality with a high level of interrater reliability. The results of 18 studies were synthesised. After the removal of outliers, post-traumatic growth shared small, negative associations with time since diagnosis (r = -0.14) and time since treatment completion (r = -0.19), and small, positive associations with age at diagnosis (r = 0.20), age at survey (r = 0.17), post-traumatic stress symptoms (r = 0.11), and social support (r = 0.25). Post-traumatic growth was positively and moderately associated with optimism (r = 0.31). Several findings were consistent with a comparable meta-analysis in adult oncology populations. Targeted social support, clinical intervention, and education may facilitate post-traumatic growth. Longitudinal research in individuals affected by childhood and adolescent cancer would allow an examination of the effects of predictive variables on post-traumatic growth over time.
DOI: 10.1002/pon.4577
ORCID: 0000-0003-0286-8949
PubMed URL: 29096418
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: adolescents
benefit finding
Post-traumatic growth
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in AHRO are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.